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H. Hubbard  
schooner from Buffalo, NY; called at Chicago under Captain Brown on Aug. 15, 1834, and Nov. 14, 1835.

H. Norton  
schooner from Buffalo, NY; called at Chicago under Captain Oliver on Aug. 21, 1834; ran ashore on Lake Michigan in 1842. [48]

Haas, Wilhelm  (1800-1861) also William; German immigrant beer brewer who together with Konrad Sulzer, arrived from Watertown, NY, with 150 barrels of ale and brewing equipment in 1836 [according to Hofmeister; Angle gives an unlikely 1833 as the year of their arrival]. Together they founded a brewery that initially produced 600 barrels of beer per year. The brewery was probably Chicago’s second, possibly that listed in the Dec. 9, 1835 Chicago Democrat, the first one having been opened late summer by J. and W. Crawford [see breweries]; 1839 City Directory: brewer, corner of Chicago Avenue and Pine [Michigan] Street, then in partnership with William Ogden; the brewery was sold to Michael Diversey and William Lill in 1843. [243, 342] [17]

Hackley, Lt. James, Jr.  from Kentucky; stationed at Fort Dearborn until the end of 1818 when promoted to captain, then resigned from the military; in 1817, while still serving in Chicago, he visited John Kinzie’s trading post on January 10 and 12, as shown in Kinzie’s account books; according to Mrs. Susan Callis, he "married Rebecca [Rebekah] Wells, of Fort Wayne, second daughter of Capt. William Wells," who was killed in the Fort Dearborn massacre. Hackley died in 1831; Rebekah died on June 14, 1835, leaving children Ann and John. [74, 404, 708] [12]

Hadduck, Edward Hiram  (Apr. 2, 1811-May 30, 1882) also Haddock; born in Sutton, NH, son of William and Lucretia (née Kimball) Hadduck; came in May 1833, staying initially at Dexter Graves’s boarding house (Mansion House) at $5 a week; as E.W., was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August; married Louisa (1817-1892), Graves’s daughter on Dec. 11, 1834, R.J. Hamilton officiating, and later December purchased the hotel from his father-in-law; on Nov. 24, 1835, filed an affidavit in support of E.B. William’s claim for wharfing privileges; remained in Chicago permanently, serving as alderman in 1838; 1839 City Directory: commission merchant, South Water Street; 1843 City Directory: capitalist res 79 Michigan Ave; in 1844 he is listed living in a house on Michigan Avenue, near Lake; died on May 30, 1881; in 1885 his widow lived at 2976 Michigan Ave., dying on Mar. 9, 1894. [243, 319, 506, 571] [12]

Hadduck, Helen  born 1810 in Fort Dearborn; later married John deKoven.

Haight, Antoinette  see Whitlock, Thomas.

Haight, Isaac  arrived from New York in 1834 and served as wood inspector in 1835; was active in local Democratic politics as a delegate to the Flag Creek convention in July 1836; 1839 City Directory: North Canal Street near West Lake Street. [351, 544] [12]

Haight, Mary Margaret  see Larrabee, William.

Haines, Elijah Middlebrook  (1822-1889) born in Oneida, NY; arrived in May 1835; worked as a tailor and was active in politics; 1839 City Directory: tailor, South Water Street between Clark and LaSalle; married Melinda Griswold on Aug. 8, 1845; later moved to Lake County and founded Hainesville; in 1885 lived in Waukegan. [351] [12]

Haines, John Charles  born in 1818 in New York State; arrived on May 26, 1835; 1839 City Directory: clerk, George W. Merrill; in partnership with Jared Gage, acquired Chicago flour mills in 1846; helped organize the Chicago waterworks system in 1854; active in the Old Settlers` Society beginning in 1855; served as mayor in 1858 and 1859; in 1885 he lived in Waukegon; John C. Haines School, 247 W 23rd Place. [351] [12]

Haines, Mary Ann  see Gray, Charles McNeill.

Haird, Joseph  visited John Kinzie’s trading post on May 21, 1805, as shown in Kinzie’s account books. [404]

Haldimand, Sir Frederick  (?-1791) British governor of Canada from 1778 to 1784, succeeding Governor Carleton. The Haldimand Papers have survived, are in the British Library, and in the Haldimand Collection of the Canadian Archives, and are a rich source of historical information on military actions, trade, and politics in the Great Lakes and Illinois during the American Revolution. [12]

Hale, James  a child by this name was enrolled as grade school student in the class taught by [see] John Watkins in December 1835. Names of corresponding parents were not recorded. [728]

Hale, John P.  on March 5, 1834, submitted an application to lease wharfing privileges along the river, likely as a partner of [see] Wm. Hogue & Co.; featured in a lawsuit notice in the April 16 Chicago Democrat that year; by 1848 had become known as an active abolitionist. [544] [28]

Hale, Timothy R.  petitioned the state general assembly with John Mann, Nelson R. Norton, and James Kinzie, and on Feb. 11, 1835, was authorized to erect a toll bridge for "persons, wagons, and droves of cattle" across the Little Calimic [Calumet] near where the State road between Chicago and La Porte, IN, crossed; father or brother of Virginia, second wife of James Kinzie.

Hale, Virginia  see Kinzie, James.

Half Day  also Aptakisic; chief of a Potawatomi band that planted fields near Half Day [Lake County] and hunted along the Du Page River near Naper’s Settlement in the early 1830s; during the Black Hawk scare, he warned settlers on farms along the river and escorted many to Fort Dearborn; an orator for his tribe in many treaty negotiations between 1827 and 1846. [697] [61]

Half Way House  residence and tavern of [see] Dr. E.G. Wight; built in 1835 on the Ottawa Road near Walker’s Grove, later Plainfield. [738]

Hall & Miller  a large tannery in 1833 at the Forks, owned and operated by Benjamin Hall and John and Samuel Miller. [13]

Hall, Basil  English visitor to the United States whose popular travel account, Travels in North America in the Years 1827 and 1828, was published in Edinburgh in 1830; his work contains good descriptions of the Grand Prairie.

Hall, Benjamin  (May 5, 1781-July 3, 1859) born in Dinwittie County, VA; son of David and Sarah (née Rollins) Hall, older brother of Charles; came in 1832 from Giles County, VA, now WV, with his wife Margaret McKenzie [former wife of John Kinzie, née McKenzie], whom he had married on July 16, 1799; there were two children, David and Sarah R.; was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; at the Chicago Treaty in September Margaret Hall received $1000 and her four children—William and James Kinzie, David and Sarah R. Hall (VA 1802-) received $800. Despite the treaty allotment, Hon. John Wentworth noted in 1876 that Margaret "... never saw her first husband after separation, as she and her second husband, Benjamin Hall, remained in Virginia."  [13, 319, 706] [12]

Hall, Benjamin  (1800-) son of Charles and Jemima (née Chapman) Hall; sister of [see] Emily Hall; tanner, came with his cousin [see] Jacob Miller in the spring of 1832 from Pearisburgh, Giles County, VA, now WV, with his wife Sarah (married Jan. 24, 1831), daughter of Edward and Susanna (née Brown) Bane; the couple`s first child, Edward B., was born later on August 20; engaged in the tanning and currying business at the Forks with his cousins John and Samuel Miller, just N of the Miller House; had purchased from Samuel Miller a lot on block 14, where the tannery stood [see Maps, 1834, John S. Wright]; was on the list of subscribers to the Chicago Democrat in November 1833; was a brother of [see] Emily Hall who married Archibald Caldwell; left Chicago in the autumn of 1834; built a tavern with [see] John Marshall at Dutchman’s Point in 1840 and was proprietor; his second wife was the widow of Stephen Brown and sister of of Judge John D. Caton; in 1885 lived at Wheaton. [13, 351] [706]

Hall, David  (Dec. 21, 1802-Aug. 29, 1866) born in Giles County, VA, now WV; son of Benjamin Hall and Margaret McKenzie Kinzie, half brother of James Kinzie (see Kinzie family tree); arrived in 1823 or earlier, but in that year built Wolf Tavern with stepbrother James Kinzie, owning and operating the associated store as late as 1834; was clerk of the Wallace estate sale on April 27, 1827, purchasing then 6 1/4 dozen scalping knives and other goods; was clerk for the American Fur Co. under J.B. Beaubien for some time; as Margaret McKenzie Kinzie Hall`s son he received $800 at the Chicago Treaty of 1833, also $500 in payment for a claim. Kinzie & Hall advertised in the June 25, 1834 Chicago Democrat, one door E from the corner of Lake and Canal streets, near the Point, selling dry goods, hardware, and groceries; in the Dec. 2, 1835 Chicago Democrat the partners announced the sale of the entire stock of goods and offered thanks to their customers. On Oct. 11, 1837 he married Mary Elizabeth Rutter in Giles County, VA; David died in Elkhart, IN; their son J.R. Hall lived at Howard City, KS, in 1876. [706, 708] [12]

Hall, E.B.  shoemaker; arrived in 1832. [351]

Hall, Emily  (1796-1866) daughter of Charles and Jemima (née Chapman) Hall; sister of [see] Benjamin Hall, from Giles County in western Virginia, now WV; married Archibald Caldwell on Jan. 15, 1827 and traveled on horseback with her husband via Fort Wayne, arriving at Chicago in July; in the spring of 1829 Caldwell abandoned her to find contentment in the nearby wigwam of an Indian woman, Josette; Emily sued for divorce in June 1830; Archibald did not contest and Emily later married the discharged soldier [see] Cole Weeks. [706] [12]

Hall, George  arrived in 1832. [351]

Hall, John S.  resided in the Hickory Creek precinct; signed the [see] Herrington Petition in December, 1831; was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833. [319]

Hall, M.H.T., M.D.  served as the seventh Fort Dearborn medical officer for a period of only two months between the terms of duty of Dr. William S. Madison and Dr. Thomas P. Hall; he arrived in September 1821. [738]

Hall, Margaret  see Kinzie, Margaret McKenzie; see Hall, Benjamin.

Hall, Thomas P., M.D.  born in Maryland; completed medical training in or before 1813; succeeded Dr. W.S. Madison, becoming the eighth military physician at Fort Dearborn in 1821; was present when Captain Long’s expeditionary party visited the fort from June 5-11, 1823; remained at the fort until the garrison was withdrawn in 1823; was the author of a valuable manuscript concerning the Potawatomi and their medical practices, variously quoting Keating’s expedition narrative [see Bibliography]; died 1825 in Georgia. [12]

Hall, William  listed as owner of 80 acres of land in the NE quarter of Section 6, Township 39, prior to 1836, as per Andreas, History of Chicago, pp. 112-113. A William Hall, member of the Calumet Club, died in August 1881. [12]

Hallam, Rev. Isaac William  born in Connecticut in 1809; arrived from New York in 1834 with his wife Nancy [née William of Richmond, VA, married on Feb. 19, 1833], who bore him 10 children (one boy was named John Kinzie; a daughter, Lucy William, died in 1839); took charge as the first permanent pastor of the budding Episcopalian congregation on Oct. 19, 1834, though the initial sermon (on the preceding Sunday) had been given by Rev. Palmer Dyer; in 1835 conducted the wedding ceremony of Peter Pruyne and Rebecca Sherman, and in 1836 that of Thomas Watkins and Therese LaFramboise; 1839 City Directory: St. James’ Church, Cass [Wabash] Street near Illinois; in 1843 returned with his family to Stonington, CT, where he was living in 1885. [351] [12]

Halliburton, Alice  born in New York in 1759, half sister of [see] John Kinzie from an earlier marriage of their mother, Emily Tyne, to the British Army chaplain William Halliburton; in June 1768 she married Sampson Flemming, a deputy commissioner of stores at Detroit, and when widowed, married Nicholas Low of New York; not known to have visited Chicago. [564]

Halliburton, Emily Tyne  see MacKinzie, John.

Halliburton, William  British Army chaplain William Halliburton held a commission dated 22 May 1747 in the Royal Scots Regiment, renamed the First Regiment of Foot. It was the oldest regiment in the British Army, having been raised in 1633. William married Emily Tyne. Their daughter Alice lived with the [see] William Forsyth Sr. family in Detroit after Haliburton`s ealy death. Her widowed mother Emily then married [see] John McKenzie, and the couple had a son [see] John Kinzie. [649]

Halsman, George  see Holsman, George.

Hamilton Auxiliary Petition  in support of the [see] Badin-Owen Petition, Probate Judge Richard J. Hamilton prepared another handwritten petition on the reverse side and gathered the signatures of most Chicago residents within two days. The petition stated: "Whereas the prayer of the petition has for its object not only the Indians in particular, but also Public Utility in general, and the instruction of American people, and · Whereas the lands to be appropriated to the same belong to the Indians, who cannot out of millions of acres make, it is conceived, a more useful appropriation, and no sacrifice of money or property belonging to the United States is embraced in this case, it is confidently hoped and expected that the prayer of this Petition will be readily granted. · October 5, 1831."
Signers: Richd. J. Hamilton; J. Bt. Chevallier; L. Chevallier, Senr.; Epolite J. Bernard; S.T. Badin; J.N. Bailey; Jno. S.C. Hogan; Kobes Thompson; Mark Beaubien; John Curry; Mark Beaubien, Jr.; J. La Framboise; Gho. Kercheval; E. Wentworth, Jr.; G.W. Dole; Chas. Jackson; David Dodemead; David McKee; R.H. Fleming; John Wellmaker; Truman Leach; Anson H. Taylor; Cuis Chevallier; A. Clybourn; Thomas Hartzell; Augusted Bonna; W.H. Adams; Elijah Wentworth, Sr.; Ebenezer Street; Charles Manall; Samuel Miller; John Pothier; James Dumphy; Jedrithon Smith; N.D. Grover, Sub-Agent. [319]

Hamilton, Amos C.  arrived in 1835; advertised in the Nov. 25, Chicago Democrat a lottery and exchange office at No. 8 on the W side of Dearborn, four doors from the corner with Water Street, selling tickets to various weekly lotteries and trading in uncurrent banknotes, gold and silver; member of the fire engine company No.1 in December [see petition to the village board of Dec. 16, 1835, with entry on firefighting]; in 1837 was Whig candidate for assessor, but lost; 1839 City Directory: clerk, B.F. Knapp. [351, 544] [12]

Hamilton, Caroline Frances  eldest daughter of [see] Lt. Thomas Hamilton and Catherine Whistler, born at Fort Dearborn in 1809. [270a]

Hamilton, Henry  British colonel, served as lieutenant governor and superintendent of Indian affairs of Detroit and its dependencies from 1775 to 1779 [was succeeded in that position by Major De Peyster]; on Feb. 25, 1779, was captured by George Rogers Clark at Vincennes and became an American prisoner at Williamsburg; after release, served as governor of Canada in 1785, and later became governor of Dominica.

Hamilton, Henry Raymond  Chicago author of The Epic of Chicago, a historical review of the city’s early years, published in 1932; son of Henry E. Hamilton, who edited Incidents and Events in the Life of Gurdon S. Hubbard; grandson of Col. Richard J. Hamilton, and first cousin twice removed of Gurdon S. Hubbard.

Hamilton, Isaac  a visitor by this name came to John Kinzie’s trading post on Jan. 1, 1812, as shown in Kinzie’s account books. [404]

Hamilton, John  U.S. Army private and drummer at Fort Dearborn; enlisted on July 5, 1808; visited John Kinzie’s trading post on Nov. 4, 1811 and on Apr, 2, 1812, as shown in Kinzie’s account books; was killed in action at the massacre of 1812. [404, 708] [226]

Hamilton, Lt. Joseph  from Maryland; served at Fort Dearborn under Captain Whistler at the time Dr. John Cooper arrived in June 1808; died at the post during Dr. Cooper`s term. [722]

Hamilton, Lt. Thomas, Jr.  born in New York, the son of Thomas and Sarah (née Seymour) Hamilton; entered the army as a private in the First Infantry in 1802 and became a member of Capt. John Whistler’s initial garrison of Fort Dearborn I in April 1803; visited John Kinzie’s trading post as a sergeant on Mar. 17, June 13, July 4, and Sept. 3, 1804, and as an ensign on June 18 and Oct. 10, 1806, as shown in Kinzie’s account books; married [see] Whistler’s daughter Catherine on Aug. 24, 1806 at Fort Dearborn; in 1808 Hamilton, then a lieutenant, was charged with conduct unbecoming an officer after challenging trader John Kinzie to a duel; Dr. Cooper, the fort’s physician at that time, was the bearer of the challange, but Kinzie refused to accept it, although he cotinued to abuse and curse the lieutenant; in 1810 Lt. Hamilton was transferred to Fort Belle Fontaine and in 1812 to Fort Madison (IA). He and his troops successfully repulsed a three-day attack by Sac and Fox Indians in September 1812 and, unlike the unlucky inhabitants of Fort Dearborn, the Fort Madison garrison was able to safely escape down the Mississippi. In 1814 he became a captain, and was honorably discharged in 1815. He was reinstated in 1816 and advanced to bvt. major in 1824. Thomas and Catherine had six children; the eldest, Caroline Frances Hamilton, was born at Fort Dearborn in 1809. Thomas died on July 30, 1833, in St. Louis. [270a, 404, 722] [326]

Hamilton, Polemus D.  born 1813; arrived in 1834 from Wales, NY, with his brother Thomas E.; erected many of the first frame buildings in the town, the first being a store for James Woodruff at the corner of South Water and Wells streets; purchased acreage at the Yankee Settlement [Lockport] in 1835; helped Nelson R. Norton build the Clarissa in 1835, acquiring half ownership of the vessel upon completion in 1836; married Cynthia Holmes of New York in 1836 (three children: David G., Mary J., and Maria E.); 1839 City Directory: carpenter, Clark Street; in the 1844 City Directory he is similarly listed, living on Clark between Washington and Madison streets; lived at 126 Clark St. in 1885. [243, 351, 506] [12]

Hamilton, Richard Jones  (1799-1860) often noted as R.I. Hamilton; also referred to as Colonel Hamilton, a title of deference to his activities in the Chicago militia during the Black Hawk War; born in Danville, KY, and came to Illinois in 1820; married Diana W. Buckner in 1822, daughter of an historic Kentucky family; admitted to the bar in 1827 while justice of the peace for Jackson County; circuit-riding lawyer in 1829; was elected first judge of the probate court on Mar. 8, 1831; second lawyer to settle in Chicago [Russell Heacock had come in 1827], arriving on April 9 from Vandalia with a notary commission and with the governor’s appointment as Cook County recorder, replacing Reverend See in this office, and in addition he served as recorder of deeds, notary public, bank commissioner, clerk of both the county and circuit courts, and school fund commissioner; with him came his wife and two children, Richard N. and Sarah, who later attended school under Miss Eliza Chappel in 1833; all lived in the Agency house on the N side of the river from 1831 to 1833; became the first clerk of the Cook County Circuit Court and served from 1831 to 1837; signed the [see] Hamilton Auxiliary Petition in Chicago on Oct. 5, 1831; later in October he was appointed commissioner of the county’s school lands and held this office until 1840, and in this capacity arranged the sale of the Chicago school section; subsequently held numerous other official county positions; also signed the [see] Herrington Petition in December, 1831. In c.1832, Hamilton purchased lots in blocks 20 and 21 from Jesse B. Brown and J.S.C. Hogan, respectively [see Maps, 1834, John S. Wright]; served under Captain Kercheval in the Chicago militia during the Black Hawk War, listed on the muster roll of May 3, 1832. Diana attended Reverend J. Walker’s first sermon in 1832 and was active in the Methodist Church; a second daughter Eleanor (or Ellen) was born in 1832, and a third, Diana B. in 1834, shortly before her mother’s death. In early August 1833 the couple were listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town, and soon after Hamilton became one of the "Qualified Electors" who voted to incorporate the town [for a copy of that meeting’s report, see entry on incorporation]; later on September 28, the twelfth day of the Chicago Treaty, he was appointed by Commisioners Owen and Weatherford for supplying and issuing provisions to the Indians, assisted by William French, and then signed the document as a witness, receiving $500 for a claim at the same treaty. On Mar. 25, 1835, Hamilton married Harriet Louise Hubbard (VT c.1816-Feb. 7, 1842), sister of Henry G. Hubbard of Chicago, the latter two being children of Ahira and Serena (née Tucker) Hubbard and cousins of Gurdon S. Hubbard; late in that year he and W.E. Owen filed a claim for wharfing privileges for lot 4, block 19; as per notice in the Chicago American, daughter Pauline died at 16 months on Aug. 16, 1839; 1839 City Directory: clerk circuit court, corner of Clark and Randolph; another daughter would die at 18 months; Henry E. was born Feb. 25, 1840, died at Chicago c.1924; Harriet died at age 27 in 1842. Hamilton married Mrs. Priscilla P. Tuly in 1843; in the 1844 City Directory he listed as Hamilton & Chamberlaine [J.S.], attorneys at law, Clark St. opposite P.O., living then on Michigan Avenue between Cass [Wabash] and Rush; his grave site is located at Rosehill Cemetery (see Monuments section); street name: Hamilton Avenue (2100 W). See his Signature below. [28, 233", 243, 319, 506, 604a] [12]

Hamilton, Richard Jones  his signature.

Hamilton, Thomas E.  from Erie County, NY; arrived in 1834 with his brother Polemus D. and went into business erecting frame houses; in 1835 helped build the Clarissa, purchasing quarter interest the following year; 1839 City Directory: carpenter, Madison Street, corner of LaSalle; so listed again in the 1844 Directory. [506] [243]

Hamilton, William Stephen  born in New York City; son of famous statesman Alexander Hamilton; came to Fort Dearborn in 1823 while returning from a cattle drive from southern Illinois to Green Bay; in his employ was John Hamlin, a justice of the peace, enabling then the marriage of Dr. Wolcott and Ellen Marion Kinzie; see Hamlin, John. [12]

Hamlin, John  as justice of the peace of Fulton County and while returning from a business trip to Green Bay, performed the marriage ceremony at Fort Dearborn between Dr. Alexander Wolcott and Ellen Marion Kinzie on July 20, 1823; stocked provisions for the American Fur Co. as its Peoria representative; at times covered the Chicago trade of the company, as in 1824, when Crafts left for Mackinac; in 1825 sent the first shipment of produce to Chicago in keelboats on the Illinois River to the mouth of the Kankakee, changing to Durham boats for delivery up the Aux Plaines River; at the death of François LaFramboise, Jr. in 1830, John Hamlin and David Hunter were appointed appraisers of François’ estate by Peoria probate judge Norman Hyde, together with Jean B. Beaubien as administrator; he is listed on the Peoria County Census of August 1830. As a member of the Whig party, John Hamlin became state senator in 1834; street names: Hamlin Avenue and Hamlin Boulevard (3800 W). [421a, 544, 585a] [12]

Hammer, George  from Washington County, IN; staked a claim in Hanover Township with those of his brothers, [see] David and Thomas Deweese; returned with his wife Elizabeth (née Coulter), children, and brother [see John Hammer] to build a log house and farm in 1835; died in 1882. [278] [13]

Hammer, John  farmer; born in 1820 in Washington County, IN; came with his brother’s family in 1835 to Hanover Township; married E. Browning in 1842. [278] [13]

Hamtramck, Col. John Francis  born in Canada; in 1794 commanded the left wing of General Wayne’s army at Fallen Timbers; in March 1803, as commandant of the First Infantry at Detroit, and as ordered by General Dearborn, directed Capt. John Whistler to erect barracks and a strong stockade at Chicago (the first Fort Dearborn); died later in April and was succeeded at Detroit by Maj. Zebulon Pike. [544]

Hanchett, John L.  born c.1805; arrived from New York in June 1835; married L.J. Moore from Massachusetts on April 27, 1837; 1839 City Directory: surveyor and engineer on the Illinois & Michigan Canal; held an office at the public works; lived at 371 Wabash Ave. in 1885. [351] [12]

Handy House  see Dean House.

Handy, Henry S.  (c.1804-1846) later called Major Handy; arrived from Washington City in 1832 as a bricklayer and mason; by 1833 had purchased from J.B. Beaubien the old Dean House, located on the lakeshore S of the fort and lived there with his family; married to Laura W. Bellows, who later divorced him (per notice in the Chicago American, 1843); an Emily Handy attended school under Miss Eliza Chappel in 1833, presumably their daughter; on Mar. 10, 1833, General Gratiot appointed him assistent superintendent [under Maj. George Bender] of the harbor project; as H.T., was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August; when Major Bender left October 31, he carried on as acting superintendent until Second Lt. James Allen was given the superintendent position by Gratiot in January 1834. While supervising construction, Handy showed prudence and foresight, demonstrated in an excerpt of a letter written to General Gratiot in Washington City, in the autumn of 1833 [see below]; a partnership with [see] Charles Taylor was dissolved March 4, 1834; later active in community affairs, such as the Infant School organization; 1839 City Directory: Major Handy, bricklayer and plasterer [listed with Joy Handy, same profession]; died at Bayfield, MI; in 1885 divorced wife Laura was listed as widow and lived at 11 Page Street. [12]
...I would suggest propriety of purchasing the pork and beef that may be required next season as soon as possible for the reason that the emigration to this place and the neighboring country will be such next season that provisions will be extremely high. The treaty continued so long this fall and the number of Indians and whites were such that provisions are now as high as in Washington City. Hogs and beef can be bought at a very low rate within one hundred and twenty miles from this place and driven on foot and slaughtered at or near Chicago. By so doing, nearly half of the expense could be saved for provisions. [319]

Haney, Charles  a visitor by this name came to John Kinzie’s trading post on Jan. 1, 1812, as shown in Kinzie’s account books. [404]

Hanline, Jacob  resided in the Hickory Creek precinct; signed the [see] Herrington Petition in December, 1831; was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833. [319]

48-ton schooner, built at Black River, OH in 1816; coming from St. Joseph, it called at Chicago under Captain Sprague on July 10 and 16, 1835.

Hanson, Joseph L.  from England, arrived in 1835; opened a grocery store and signed up with the "Pioneer" hook and ladder company, a voluntary brigade; as per announcement in the Chicago American of Nov. 5, 1836, married the schoolteacher Ruth Leavenworth "last Thursday evening"; 1839 City Directory: grocery and provision store, 146 Lake st.; in the 1843 and 1844 City Directories he listed as "teamster, house Monroe st. b State and Clark." [243, 351, 506] [12]

Hanson, Oliver C.  Negro from S. Domingo; arrived in 1834 and opened a barbershop; still living in Chicago in 1880. [544] [351]

Hapgood, Dexter J.  also Apgood; arrived in 1832; early member of the Catholic congregation, who among other citizens in April 1833, added his name [misinterpreted as Assgood] to the petition presented to Bishop Rosati of St. Louis, asking that a priest be assigned to them; was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; lived eight miles S of Wheeling. [319, 351] [12]

harbor  see Chicago harbor.

Harding, J.A.  also T.A. and F.A.; debated Dr. J.T. Temple within the Chicago Lyceum forum that met at the Presbyterian church on Dec. 8, 1835; the question was whether or not the removal of the Indians west of the Mississippi by the U.S. government was "consistent with faith, humanity, and sound Policy"; was elected secretary of the Lyceum on December 12; was one of three directors for the Young Men’s Temperance Society, organized on December 19.

Hardscrabble  early name for the area that, beginning c.1809, included the [see] Leigh farm on the south branch of the Chicago River at [now] 24th Street; later residents of the locale included Chief Robinson, the Laughtons, the LaFramboises, the Galloways, John Crafts, William Wallace, and the Heacocks.

Harlem  name of an early community in the area that was originally Noyesville [Oak Park and River Forest].

Harman, William  blacksmith; arrived in 1835; 1839 City Directory: North Water Street, near N State; his listing is the same in the 1844 City Directory; lived at 210 South Water St. in 1885. [243, 351, 506] [12]

Harmar, Gen. Josiah  Pennsylvania native; led an unsuccessful campaign against the midwestern Indian tribes in 1790; resigned in 1792; died 1813. Not until General Wayne succeeded in defeating the Indians at Fallen Timbers in 1794, was western settlement a viable choice. Harmar’s papers are in the Clements Library, University of Michigan.

Harmon, Charles Loomis  arrived from Vermont in 1832; son of Dr. Elijah D. Harmon, older brother of Isaac; the brothers ran a dry goods store on the SW corner of South Water and Clark streets in 1833 and 1834; was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; on March 1, 1834, the firm`s name became Harmon, Loomis & Co. when their cousin [see] Horatio G. Loomis joined them [note later ad]; unsuccessful candidate for alderman in 1837; 1839 City Directory: Harmon, (Horatio G.) Loomis & Co., wholesale grocers, same location; married Abba Ann Curtis on Dec. 14, 1840. [319] [243]

Harmon, Edwin R.  born c.1816 in Fredonia, NY; arrived in August 1833, likely a relative of Dr. E.D. Harmon; 1839 City Directory: clerk, Harmon & Loomis; lived in Chicago in 1879, but by 1885 lived at Aurora. [243, 351, 506] [12]

Harmon, Elijah Dewey, M.D.  (1782-1869) early Chicago physician, born in Bennington, VT; studied medicine in Manchester, VT; married Welthyan Loomis on Oct. 30, 1808; see sons Charles and Isaac; entered the army as a surgeon in 1812, resuming private practice at the end of the war; came in May 1830 and served as (the 10th) medical officer of the garrison following Assistant Surgeon Finley, also practicing privately; for a short while he lived and practiced in the old Kinzie House, where his shingle is said to have been displayed; acquired ownership of 138.24 acres of beachfront land in Section 22, Township 39, as per Andreas` History of Chicago, pp. 112-113; his family followed one year later; signed the [see] Herrington Petition in December, 1831; was the second civilian physician to establish practice in Chicago (Dr. Wolcott was the first); performed - Chicago’s 1st - major surgical procedure in the winter of 1832-33 by amputating the frozen foot of a Canadian métis mail carrier who had come from Green Bay on horseback; served under Captain Kercheval in the militia during the Black Hawk War, listed on the muster roll of May 3, 1832, and during the cholera epidemic of 1832, cared for the soldiers of the garrison, earning high praise from Maj. William Whistler, commanding officer. Harmon`s house was on the N side of the river, between the Forks and Colonel Hamilton’s house, where he kept his unusually extensive medical library; was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; elected justice of the peace as per Chicago American, Aug. 8, 1835; from 1834 on he lived mostly in Texas [though listed in Fergus’ 1839 City Directory], but often visited Chicago; is buried at Graceland Cemetery. [319] [12]

Harmon, Elijah Dewey, M.D.  his signature.

Harmon, Isaac and Martin  children by this name, possibly siblings, were enrolled as grade school students in the class taught by [see] John Watkins in December 1835. Names of corresponding parents were not recorded. Isaac is probably identical with Isaac N. Harmon. [728]

Harmon, Isaac Dewey  (1814-1886) son of Dr. Elijah D. Harmon, and brother of Charles L.; clerk for the Detroit merchant Oliver Newberry prior to his coming to Chicago in 1831; served under Captain Kercheval in the militia during the Black Hawk War, listed on the muster roll of May 3, 1832; the brothers jointly owned a store in 1833 and 1834 on the SW corner of South Water and Clark, advertising in the first issue of the Chicago Democrat, Nov. 26, 1833, as C. & I. Harmon, dry goods and crockery; on Mar. 1, 1834, the firm’s name became Harmon, Loomis & Co. when their cousin [see] Horatio G. Loomis joined them; was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; appointed town clerk by the first board of trustees, elected on August 10; also served as justice of the peace for Cook County in the early 1830s; his residence in 1833 was on the N side of the river, near the Forks; in the Aug. 6, 1834, Chicago Democrat his company offered for sale the first "2 cases Artificial Flowers" available in town, and in the June 27, 1835, Chicago American advertised "STUART’S Celebrated Confectionary And a choice lot of Perfumery"; an ad in the Chicago American of August 1, states that Harmon shared a legal office with [see] attorney Sidney Abell on Dearborn Street; his name was on a school-related petition signed on September 19 and in December he was appointed judge of probate for Cook County; 1839 City Directory: dry goods merchant, 8 Clark St. On Oct. 26, 1842 he married Anna M. Huntoon of St. Charles; occasionally advised people on legal matters, but was not a trained lawyer; for a letter by Isaac to his brother Charles, describing the collapse of the first lighthouse, see entry on lighthouse; lived at 4333 Ellis Ave. in 1885. [319, 351] [12]

Harmon, Issac N.  born c.1826 in Fredonia, NY; arrived as a child on Aug. 3, 1833, presumably in the company of Edwin R. Harmon, but the relationship is unknown, likely in-laws of Dr. E.D. Harmon; still lived in Chicago in 1879. [351] [12]

Harmon, Loomis & Co.  see Harmon, Charles Loomis; see Loomis, Horatio G. On Nov. 21, 1835 both men submitted a claim for wharfing privileges on lot 1, block 18, and in the Dec. 5 Chicago American advertised "New Store of Napersville." The account books of early transactions of the dry goods, grocery and hardware business in Chicago and those of the branch store at Naperville are preserved in the Chicago History Museum. [28]

Harmon, Martin D.  arrived from Vermont in 1833; was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August; became a charter member of the First Baptist Church congregation on October 19, and plastered John Calhoun’s printing office in November of that year, together with Willard Jones; an enthusiast early in 1834 to promote temperance societies within the county. [319, 544] [12]

Harmon, Samanthia  was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833. [319]

Harmon, Samuel  was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; on the list of subscribers to the Chicago Democrat in November. [319]

Harper, Richard  according to J.J. Flinn, a white man named Harper was accused in 1833 under the vagrant law and sold at auction; for detail, see White, George; 1839 City Directory: (called "Old Harper," vagrant). [243] [249]

Harrington, H.  arrived from Vermont in 1835. [733] [351]

Harrington, James  see Herrington, James, Sr.

Harris, Benjamin  born 1802 in Pennsylvania; signed the [see] Herrington Petition in December, 1831; served as member of the Chicago Company in the Black Hawk War of 1832; married to Sarah Cortright (1824); purchased real estate in block 8 [see Maps, 1834, John S. Wright] and soon after sold the land to Lt. Enoch Thompson; was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; died in Iowa. [319, 733] [12]

Harris, Emily Ann  see Ament, Edward Glenn.

Harris, Nancy C.  see Ament, Hiram.

Harris, William  (1785-1865) settler in the Fox River valley by 1831 with his wife, Rebecca (née Coombs, married 1814), and children Hiram, Nancy, Emily Ann; was among the refugees seeking temporary shelter at Fort Dearborn during the early months of the Black Hawk War. [239]

Harrison, Captain  occasionally piloted the schooner [see] Westward Ho on its visits to Chicago.

Harrison, Frederick, Jr.  U.S. assistent civil engineer under Dr. William Howard, together with Henry Belin and William B. Guyon; conducted surveys at Chicago in 1830 in preparation for the construction of the harbor and the Illinois & Michigan Canal; both Harrison and Guyon became ill in the summer of 1830, and Belin completed the work in 1831, and [see Maps] "Map No. 1 of the Survey of the Michigan & Illinois Canal" was filed on May 20, 1832 within the Topographical Bureau, Engineer Department, U.S. Army; under Howard, Harrison also prepared the [see Maps] manuscript map [National Archives, Washington, D.C.] of the mouth of the Chicago River, dated Feb. 24, 1830, incorporating the proposed piers for improving the harbor. [13, 681, 682] [423]

Harrison, William Henry  (1773-1841) from Virginia; served as lieutenant and favorite aide throughout General Wayne’s campaign against the Indians in the Northwest; appointed governor of the Indiana Territory in 1800 by President John Adams when Illinois and Chicago were still part of that territory; in 1804, as governor of Indiana Territory, he negotiated with leaders of the Sauk and Fox tribes the Treaty of St. Louis, resulting in cession to the government of 14,803,500 acres of land in Missouri, Illinois, and southern Wisconsin. The Indians received in return $22,234 and the right to live on the land as long as it was owned by the government. At a later time, this treaty was bitterly denounced as unfair by the Sauk leader Black Hawk, and his defiance led to the Black Hawk War in 1832, in which Fort Dearborn and the surrounding settlement became involved. In 1809, Governor Harrison concluded the Treaty of Fort Wayne with the Potawatomi, Delaware, Miami, and Eel River tribes. This ceded to the United States three tracts of land containing more than 2.5 million acres on the upper Wabash River. The treaty was bitterly denounced by Tecumseh and his followers, and helped precipitate the War of 1812; later as general, Harrison further weakened Indian resistance at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811; became the ninth president of the United States in 1840 (campaign slogan: "Tippecanoe and Tyler, too"), serving only 32 days before he died; street name: Harrison Street (600 S). [427] [12]

Harrow, Capt. Alexander  master of the armed British sloop [see] Welcome. [317a]

Harry  a Negro boy brought from Kentucky by Gholson Kercheval; lived as an indentured servant with the John H. Kinzie family at the Agency house during part of 1831 [N.B.: indenture was for a definite term, slavery was permanent]. [406]

Harsen, Jacob  also Harson; received licences to trade on the Kankakee River during the winters of 1823-1824 and 1824-1825 from Dr. Alexander Wolcott, Indian agent at Fort Dearborn; in 1826 he worked as a trader for the American Fur Company, also on the Kankakee River. In April 1834 an acquaintance [see] David Laughton died leaving two wills; the probate court recognized the earlier will written in favor of Jacob Harsen. [692m] [692g]

Hartzell, Thomas  (1790-1862) fur trader of German descent; came from Pennsylvania to Illinois in 1822 via Mackinaw Island; reached the Illinois River through the Chicago Portage in a Mackinaw boat; spent many years as trader on the Illinois and Kankakee rivers; first settler in Hennepin [Putnam County]; attended the estate sale of W.H. Wallace in Chicago on May 10, 1827, buying chintz shawls; ran a ferry service across the Illinois River near the present town Hennepin at the site of one of his trading posts; with the decline of the fur trade in the 1830’s Hartzell moved into general trade; on Sept. 4, 1830, the first day of land sales by the canal commissioners, bought three choice Chicago downtown lots in blocks 20 (lot 1) and 29 (lots 7 and 8) [see Maps, 1834, John S. Wright]; signed the [see] Hamilton Auxiliary Petition in Chicago on Oct. 5, 1831; was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833, and received $400 in payment for a claim at the Chicago Treaty in September; in 1835 he acquired the store of P.F.W. Peck at the SE corner of South Water and LaSalle streets; in 1847 he moved to Chicago, lived first on Adams Street between State and Wabash, and from 1852 on at Wabash Avenue between Hubbard and Peck courts; in 1855 he retired to Waukegan. His wife Senira survived him by one year; both are buried at Waukegan’s Oakwood Cemetery. [12, 319] [692c]

Hatch, James Crombie  (May 28, 1806-July 25, 1901) born in Alstead, Cheshire County, NH; son of Azel and Rhoda (née Williams) Hatch; younger brother of [see] Luther; farmer; arrived with Luther in 1832 and moved W to become the first settlers of Lisle. James built his home in 1833 on the N side of Ogden Ave., adjacent to his brothers Luther’s property, establishing a wagon and blacksmith shop on his farm and also ran a creamery on Ogden Avenue; on June 13, 1837, married Charlotte Deborah Kidder (died 1872). James Crombie and Charlotte has six children: Louisa Emily (Apr. 26, 1838-Oct. 10, 1860), Edward Payson (Apr. 7, 1840-?), Reuben (June 28, 1842-?), Mary Calista (June 20, 1845-July 22, 1847), Azel (Sept. 6, 1848-?), and Angelina (Aug. 6, 1851-?). According to John J. Flinn, a man named Hatch [James], initiated - Chicago’s 1st - criminal trial in the spring of 1833 by complaining to Russell E. Heacock, then justice of the peace, that a fellow boarder at Old Geese’s Tavern had robbed him of $34 in Bellow’s Falls money [issued by a private bank, a practice common during the land boom from1833-1838; see money]. The ensuing dramatic proceedings involved James W. Reed as constable, John D. Caton as prosecuting attorney, and Giles Spring as defense attorney, and are detailed in Flinn’s book. James died at Lisle and is buried in the Lisle Cemetery. [123a, 249, 314a] [577a]

Hatch, Jeduthan  born in Alstead, Cheshire County, NH; son of Azel and Rhoda (née Williams) Hatch; arrived as settler in Lisle in 1834, together with his brother Leonard K., thus joining their brothers [see] Luther and James C. who had come two years earlier; both took claims to the N of [now] Ogden Avenue. In 1837 Jehuthan was a representative to the Constitutional Convention and served as state legislator in 1842; he was a Lisle Township supervisor in 1851 and county judge in 1852. [123a]

Hatch, Leonard K.  born in Alstead, Cheshire County, NH; son of Azel and Rhoda (née Williams) Hatch; like his brother Jehuthan, Leonard settled in Lisle, IL, in 1834. A year later he sold his property to [see] John Thompson and moved to Downers Grove, where he taught school and became a township supervisor by 1850. In later years he moved back to Lisle and built a store. [123a]

Hatch, Luther Augustus  (Feb. 5, 1804-Apr. 22, 1852) born in Alstead, Cheshire County, NH; son of Azel and Rhoda (née Williams) Hatch; older brother of [see] James, Jeduthan, and Leonard K. [A fifth Hatch brother, Ira, settled in Chicago in 1856 and served as president of the Chicago Medical Society in 1861-62. He moved to Warrenville after his home and office were destroyed by the Chicago fire of 1871; eds.]; farmer; arrived with James in Chicago in 1832 and moved W to become the first settlers of Lisle, IL., staking his claim on the S side of what is now Ogden Avenue; was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833, and was on the list of subscribers to the Chicago Democrat in November. In 1836 he married Polly M. Howe of Lodi, MI [near present day Ann Arbor]; Polly died in 1837; in 1838 at Lisle he married Laura M. Kidder (Sept. 5, 1817 [Alstead, NH]-May 16, 1879; sister of Charlotte, James` wife); they had three sons: Frederick (Feb. 5, 1839-July 13, 1904), Ezra Kidder (Feb. 3, 1841-Sept. 2, 1906), and Augustus Luther (Oct. 12, 1848-Sept. 3, 1903). Luther Augustus died at Lisle in 1852 and is buried in the Lisle Cemetery. In the 1880 U.S. Census taken at Lisle, Frederick is listed as a farmer, accompanied by his wife Annie (née Ott, c.1844 [Bavaria]-1904) and their eight children: Luther, Frank, Russel, Clarence, Rose, Hattie, Harry, and Mabel. Laura died in May 1879 at Central City, Linn County, IA, where sons Ezra and Augustus were then living. [123a, 314a, 319] [577a]

Hathaway, Joshua P., Jr.  took a census of the settlement in the summer of 1833 and reported that there were 43 houses and less than 100 men, women, and children; made the earliest published real estate map, "Chicago with the School Section, Wabansia and Kinzie Addition" in 1834 [followed shortly by the Wright map; see map section], compiled from the four original surveys as filed in the Cook County clerk’s office; the map is referred to in a notice in the Chicago Democrat of June 18, 1834, as follows: "Lithographic Maps of Chicago. — Mr. Jno. H. Kinzie procured while in New York a few copies of Lithographic maps of this Town. They are beautifully executed, and contain the Town Plat, together with the School Section, Wabansia, and Kinzie’s Addition." Arthur Bronson partnered Kinzie in New York and there had 600 maps printed by Peter A. Mesier for $120.15; the men’s correspondence on the matter is preserved within the Chicago History Museum Collections [map provided courtesy of The Philadelphia Print Shop, Ltd.; see an original print at the Chicago History Museum; eds.]. [164]

Hathaway, Pamelia C.  see Calhoun, John.

Hathaway, Rose  sister of Pamelia Calhoun (the printer’s wife); visited Chicago in the spring of 1835 as described by John D. Caton. [121]

Hatheway, Abraham  squatter at [see] Grosse Pointe in 1834, ran a tavern, and said to have counterfeited negotiable Mexican dollar pieces. [580]

Haven, S. Z., M.D.  probably arrived in Chicago late in 1835. In a Chicago American ad of Feb. 15, 1836 he is listed as partner of Dr. Josiah Cosmore Goodhue in a medical office on Lake street [see ad]. On Feb. 27 he was one of the disputants before the Chicago Lyceum, the town’s first literary and debating sociaty. [12]

Hawley, Caroline  daughter of Pierce Hawley, who had come from Vermont and settled in the Fox River precinct of Peoria Co; married [see] Willard Scott on July 22, 1829, Rev. Isaac Scarritt officiating in a double ceremony that also wedded the groom’s sister Parmelia to John Kinzie Clark at Holderman’s Grove. Some later remembered that a short while before the marriage, a young Indian chief offered Mr. Hawley 10 ponies and a large quantity of furs for his daughter; to this proposal the young woman demurred, and her father informed the suitor that such was not the custom, that their religion did not permit the sale of daughters for wives.

Hawley, Pierce H.  originally from Vermont; moved with his family (and the family of his brother Aaron) to Vincennes in 1814, to the junction of the Fox and Illinois rivers in 1822, to Holderman’s Grove in 1825 where he was taxed as resident of the second precinct of Peoria County, and in June 1830, placed a claim along the E fork of the Du Page River, buying additional land from Israel Blodgett, and there built a homestead; is listed on the Peoria County Census of August 1830; signed the [see] Herrington Petition in December, 1831; served as private both under Captain Kercheval in the Chicago company and in Captain Napier’s volunteer militia during the Black Hawk War; was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; also see Hawley, Caroline. [421a] [319]

Hayden, Sene  see Myers, Frederick A.

Hays, Otho  U.S. Army sergeant at Fort Dearborn; visited John Kinzie’s trading post on June 24, July 21, and Aug. 4, 1804, on June 27, 1805, and on Feb. 13 and July 10, 1812, as listed in John Kinzie’s account book; promoted to sergeant on Apr. 23, 1811; killed in hand-to-hand combat at the massacre in 1812, after mortally wounding the Potawatomi chief Naunongee. [404] [226]

Hayward, Thomas  second factor at Fort Dearborn; succeeded Ebenezer Belknap early in 1806; visited John Kinzie’s trading post on Dec. 23, 1805, and on Mar. 4, Apr. 20, and Sept. 5, 1806, as recorded in Kinzie’s account books; resigned in the spring of 1807 and was succeeded by Joseph B. Varnum. [404, 559] [544]

Hazel Green Cemetery  a neighborhood cemetery located on the southeast corner of the intersection of 115th Street and Laramie Avenue; seven generations of the Lane family are buried there, once part of the Lane farm. [387a]

He-Looks-Black  see Awbenabi.

Heacock, Russell E.  (1781-1849) also signed his name Hickok; born in Litchfield, CT; carpenter and - Chicago’s 1st - practicing lawyer; studied law in St. Louis and was admitted to the bar in 1816 and also that year married Rebecca Osborn in Jefferson County, IL; they arrived by sailing ship on July 4, 1827, initially lived in the old officers’ quarters of Fort Dearborn, unoccupied at that time, then moved to a log cabin on the S side of the river, at the mouth of Frog Creek; by March 1828 they were at "Heacock’s Point" [Bridgeport], one mile S of Leigh’s farm, on the other side of the river; Serena, a daughter, was born in 1828, and later a son named Reuben B. He voted in the Aug. 2, 1830, election, also replacing a third judge who failed to attend, and is listed on the Peoria County Census of August that year; later on December 7, Heacock received a license to keep a tavern "five miles from Chicago"; helped organize Cook County and brought the first suit in its circuit court; on Sept. 10, 1831, was appointed justice of the peace; in 1832 was one of the seven justices appointed for Cook County; was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833, and also was one of the "Qualified Electors" who voted to incorporate the town [for a copy of that meeting’s original report, see entry on incorporation], then was the only one to vote against incorporation; his reasons are unknown; received $100 in payment for a claim at the Chicago Treaty later in September; prior to 1836, owned and farmed 160 acres of land along both sides of the south branch of the river in Section 32, Township 39 (Andreas, History of Chicago, pp. 112-113); in May 1835 opened a second story law and land agency office at the corner of Lake Street and Franklin, opposite the Exchange Coffee House; 1839 City Directory: attorney, justice of peace, corner of Adams and Clark; also listed are sons R.E., Jr., civil engineer, on the canal and Reuben B., medical student [under] C.V. Dyer; in 1839 he acquired 80 acres of land in the subdivision of Summit from [see] Nehemiah King; was nicknamed "Shallow Cut" during the canal debate, because he favored a shallow rather than deep excavation [state bankruptcy later made a shallow cut necessary]. After suffering a debilitating stroke six years earlier, Heacock died of cholera at the Summit farm E of Archer Avenue late June 1849, as did his wife and two sons. [13, 243, 249, 319, 417a, 421a, 491, 706] [12]

Heacock’s Point  Russell E. Heacock’s property on the E side of the south branch, one mile S of Hardscrabble, where he settled in 1828 and for which location he received a liquor license in 1830 and ran a tavern; see Wabush Slip.

Heald, Capt. Nathan  (Sept. 24, 1775-Apr. 27, 1832) born in Ipswich, NH; third son of Col. Thomas and Sybel (née Adams) Heald; in Massachusetts joined the Second Infantry on March 3, 1799; promoted to U.S. Army captain of the First Infantry regiment on Jan. 31, 1807; was commandant at Fort Wayne when, in June of 1810, he was ordered to Fort Dearborn to take over the command of the transferred Captain Whistler; remained until the fort’s disastrous evacuation on Aug. 15, 1812; visited John Kinzie’s trading post on July 6 and on July 22, 1810, and once again between June 1, 1812 and the evacuation, as shown in Kinzie’s account book. While on furlough in 1811, he traveled to Louisville, KY, and on May 23 married Rebekah Wells (1787-Apr. 23, 1857), daughter of Mary (née Spears [c.1761-Oct. 12, 1812]) and Capt. Samuel Wells, Jr., a noted Indian fighter of Kentucky, and niece of Capt. William Wells, Indian agent at Fort Wayne at that time; in the spring of 1811 Rebekah joined her husband at Fort Dearborn, accompanied by a slave, Cicely, and Cicely’s infant; in May 1812, at Fort Dearborn, Rebekah gave birth to a son "born dead for want of a skillful midwife," as recorded in the captain’s journal [she had refused Dr. Van Voorhis’ services because he was "too young"]. Captain and Mrs. Heald were among the wounded survivors of the Fort Dearborn massacre, while Cicely and her child were killed. Held by separate bands, Channdonnai interceded to ransom both, with a mule and some whiskey for Rebekah. Topenebe and Pokagon took the Healds and Sergeant Griffith to St. Joseph, found shelter for them in the house of trader William Burnett, and from there Alexander Robinson conducted them by boat to Mackinac for $100. [On Aug. 26, 1812, he was promoted to major in the Fourth Infantry.] By Sept. 22, 1812, they reached Detroit where Heald made a statement to Charles Askin. On parole by October 4, granted by Captain Procter, the Healds proceeded to Rebekah’s family in Louisville. Heald transferred to the Nineteenth Infantry on Apr. 18, 1814, and on June 1 received an honorable discharge. Other children, Mary Sibyl (Apr. 17, 1814-1835, wife of Capt. David McCausland) and Margaret Ann (Dec. 9, 1816-1836) were born in KY before the family moved during the spring of 1817 to St. Charles County, Missouri Territory, where Heald acquired a plantation near O`Fallon; Rebecca Hackley (Jan. 7, 1819-Jan. 16, 1821) and Darius (Jan. 27, 1822-Nov. 24, 1904) were born there. Heald’s wounds gradually worsened, disabling him (the ball in his hip never extracted); he died on Apr. 27, 1832. [226, 326, 327, 404, 407, 410, 544, 559a, 708]
There exist multiple reports by various sources of the Fort Dearborn massacre, all quoted and discussed by Milo Quaife [599]. Below is the report by Captain Heald, the earliest account written.
To Thomas H. Cushing, Esqr., Adjutant General:
Pittsburg, 23 October 1812.
Sir: I embrace this opportunity to render you an account of the garrison of Chicago.
On the 9th of August last, I received orders from General Hull to evacuate the post and proceed with my command to Detroit by land, leaving it at my discretion to dispose of the public property as I thought proper. The neighbouring Indians got the information as early as I did, and came in from all quarters in order to receive the goods in the factory store, which they understood were to be given them. On the 13th, captain Wells, of Fort Wayne, arrived with about 30 Miamies, for the purpose of escorting us in, by the request of General Hull. On the 14th I delivered all the goods in the factory store, and a considerable quantity of provisions which we could not take away with us. The surplus arms and ammunition I thought proper to destroy, fearing they would make bad use of it if put into their possession. I also destroyed all the liquor on hand soon after they began to collect. The collection was unusually large for that place, but they conducted themselves with the strictest propriety till after I left the fort. On the 15th, at nine in the morning we commenced our march; part of the Miamies were detached in front, and the remainder in our rear, as guards, under the direction of captain Wells. The situation of the country rendered it necessary for us to take the beach, with the lake on our left, and a high sand bank on our right, at about 100 yards distance.
We had proceeded about a mile and a half, when it was discovered the Indians were prepared to attack us from behind the bank. I immediately marched up with the company to the top of the bank, when the action commenced; after firing one round, we charged and the Indians gave way in front and joined those on our flanks. In about 15 minutes they got possession of all our horses, provisions, and baggage of every description, and finding the Miamies did not assist us, I drew off the few men I had left, and took possession of a small elevation in the open prairies, out of shot of the bank or any other cover. The Indians did not follow me, but assembled in a body on the top of the bank, and, after some consultation among themselves, made signs for me to approach them. I advanced towards them alone, and was met by one of the Potawatamie chiefs, called the Black Bird, with an interpreter. After shaking hands, he requested me to surrender, promising to spare the lives of all the prisoners. On a few moments consideration I concluded it would be most prudent to comply with his request, although I did not put entire confidence in his promise. After delivering up our arms we were taken back to their encampment near the fort, and distributed among the different tribes. The next morning they set fire to the fort and left the place, taking the prisoners with them. Their number of warriors was between four and five hundred, mostly of the Potawatamie nation, and their loss, from the best information I could get, was about 15. Our strength was 54 regulars and 12 militia, out of which 26 regulars and all the militia were killed in the action, with two women and twelve children. Ensign George Roman and Dr. Isaac D. Van Voorhis of my company, with captain Wells, of fort Wayne, are, to my great sorrow, numbered among the dead. Lieutenant Lina D. T. Helm, with 25 non-commissioned officers and privates, and 11 women and children, were prisoners when we separated. Mrs. Heald and myself were taken to the mouth of the river St. Joseph, and both being badly wounded, were permitted to reside with Mr. Burnett, an Indian trader. In a few days after our arrival there, the Indians all went off to take fort Wayne, and in their absence I engaged a Frenchman to take us to Michillimackinac by water, when I gave myself up as a prisoner of war, with one of my sergeants. The commanding officer, captain Roberts, offered me every assistance in his power to render our situation comfortable while we remained there, and to enable us to proceed on our journey. To him I gave my parole of honour, and came on to Detroit, and reported myself to colonel Procter, who gave us a passage to Buffaloe; from that place I came by way of Presque Isle and arrived here yesterday.
I have the honor to be yours, &c;,

N. Heald,
Captain U. S. Infantry

Heald, Mrs. Rebekah Wells  (c.1787-Apr. 23, 1857) daughter of Mary (née Spears [c.1761-Oct. 12, 1812]) and Capt. Samuel Wells, Jr.; born in Jefferson [now Oldham] County, KY; see Heald, Capt. Nathan. [Photo from a daguerreotype in the possession of the Chicago History Museum.] [410, 708] [12]

Healey, Robert  early settler whose name is remembered because of a slough; was the first to settle on its banks. A “Mr. Healy”, or his employe, visited John Kinzie’s trading post during July 1818, as shown in Kinzie’s account book; [see] Healy`s Slough; 1839 Chicago Directory: farmer, Archer Road near Halsted Street. [404] [728]

Healy’s Slough  also Healey`s Slough; Dr. Valentine Boyer remembered: "Ogden Slough and another just South of it, known as Healy Slough, named after Robert Healy, the first settler on its banks, afforded the means of drainage of the wet prairie in that section." Initially, Healy’s slough carried clean water, but as cabins and slaughtering houses along the rivulet multiplied, it became badly polluted; the Chicago City Proceedings Files of 1865/66 refer to the slough as a nuisance “of the vilest and most dangerous kind,” compared it to “Falstaff’s buck basket, a rank compound of villainous smells,” and noted the observation of “boys collecting putrid grease from the surface.” A `smelling committee` was formed under then mayor John B. Rice; however, fighting over who would have to pay for the removal of the nuisance continued until 1885, when the slough was finally filled in. See Healey, Robert; also see Ogden’s Slough and slough. [233", 728]

a schooner on Lake Michigan that arrived at Fort Dearborn in 1817 and attempted to navigate passage into the Chicago River, but was grounded and could not be freed; became - Chicago’s 1st - shipwreck.

Heartt, Emma Ann  see Thompson, Oliver H.

Heath, Elizabeth L.  see Beggs, Rev. Stephen R.

Heaton, Sam  sergeant at Fort Dearborn; visited John Kinzie’s trading post on Apr. 4, May 12, May 27, and Nov. 8, 1804, then again on June 26 and July 25, 1805, as shown in Kinzie’s account book. [404]

Hegewisch  the locale south of Chicago where La Salle is believed to have built a fort or post in 1683. [649]

Height, Evelyn  see Brainard, Dr. Daniel.

Helm, Lt. Linai Taliafero  born in Virginia, of German extraction; became a U.S. Army ensign on Dec. 9, 1807; came to Fort Dearborn as second lieutenant in June 1811, filling the vacancy created by the death of Lieutenant Thompson earlier in the year; visited John Kinzie’s trading post on Oct. 19, 1811, then on January 1, on the 11th and the 19th, and on July 21, 1812, as shown in Kinzie’s account books; had married [see] Margaret McKillip in Detroit on June 10, 1810, stepdaughter of John Kinzie; both were among the survivors of the Fort Dearborn massacre of Aug. 15, 1812; they became separated during the action but reconnected shortly when Margaret bound his wound with her pocket handkerchief. Taken prisoner by the Indians Helm was removed to the Illinois River by the Ottawa chief Mittatass, from whom he was ransomed on August 30, with Black Partridge as intermediary, by the trader and U.S. Indian agent Thomas Forsyth in return for two horses and a keg of liquor. For the only son of their union, see Helm, William Edwin. Helm was promoted to first lieutenant on January 20, 1813, and to captain on April 15, 1814; he resigned from the U.S Army later that year on September 27; lived again at Chicago with his wife by 1817, with visits to Kinzie’s trading post recorded on Jan. 11, 1817 and on April 1, 1818, this last time with Margaret Helm; his pension certificate, from 1819 until his death, was authenticated by Alexander Wolcott, also marked by Pe-a-nish (Pierre Le Claire). The union ended in divorce in 1829, with Margaret charging infidelity and drunkenness [records still preserved at the circuit court of Peoria]; he died on Oct. 15, 1838. [12, 226, 326, 327, 404, 407, 544, 559] [559a]

Helm, Margaret McKillip  see McKillip, Margaret.

Helm, Mrs. Margaret  see McKillip, Margaret.

Helm, William Edwin  born Oct. 18, 1821, in Chicago; only son of Lt. Linai T. Helm and Margaret McKillip; when his parents were divorced in 1829, his mother was awarded custody; lived in Detroit with his mother and stepfather, Dr. Lucius Abbott, later in Chicago and, after serving in the Civil War, in St. Louis.

Henault, André  also known as André Eno; member of La Salle`s expedition to the mouth of the Mississippi, passing through the Chicago portage in January 1682 on the way south. Together with another of La Salle`s men, Jean Filatrau, he spent the winter of 1682/83 in a shelter at the "portage de Chicagou" which later was enlarged to a small fort [see New Lennox, IL]. [486a]

Hennepin, Père Louis  (1640-c.1705) born in Ath, Belgium; studied under [see] Father Ribourde at the monastery in Béthune, France; Récollect missionary associated with Robert Cavelier de La Salle during La Salle’s 1679-81 expedition, during which time period he is known to have passed through the Chicago site; wrote about this and other western trips made in 1683, supplementing the text with an early map (1697) of the middle west. To his apparent discredit is his unlikely claim [see his 1697 publication] that he traveled prior to La Salle on the Mississippi from Illinois to the river’s mouth and back, all in 43 days. In 1679 Père Hennepin mentions "Michican Lake," and notes that the French refer to it as Illinois, most Indians as Illinouk, and the Miami as Misch-i-gon-ong, meaning "great-lake-place-of." Several small ponds, located near the present city of South Bend, IN, form the origin of the Kankakee River and are named the Hennepin Ponds. An observation of the landscape is detailed below, c.1683. [265, 269a, 330-34, 605, 611, 692g]
... Boundless prairies interspersed with tall trees; you could find the finest pieces in the world; fruit trees and wild grape vines producing clusters a foot and a half long which ripen perfectly, herbs and grain in greater abundance than in the best lands in Europe. The air, very temperate and healthy, a country watered by countless lakes, rivers, and streams, mostly navigable. [12]

Hennepin, IL  town on the Illinois River, named after the French missionary.

Henry  a Negro slave owned by John Kinzie in c.1812. [226]

Henry Clay
  300-ton lake steamer built at Black Rock, NY; called at Fort Dearborn in the fall of 1828 with territorial Governor Cass on board; Cass had come from Green Bay where he had met and negotiated a treaty with the Winnebago. In September 1830 newlyweds John Harris and Juliette Kinzie sailed on the Henry Clay from Detroit to Mackinac and to Green Bay; they then traveled overland to Fort Winnebago where Kinzie served as Indian agent.

Henry Roop  
schooner under Captain Gould; coming from Buffalo, NY, the vessel called at Chicago on Sept. 29, 1835; was lost near Sandusky in 1843. [48]

Henry, James  visited John Kinzie’s trading post to trade beet hides on May 19 and May 27, 1808, as shown in Kinzie’s account books. [404]

Henry, John  visited John Kinzie’s trading post on May 21, May 23, June 18, and Oct. 4, 1804, as shown in Kinzie’s account books; was the son of [see] William F. Henry. [404]

Henry, Patrick  the eloquent orator of the American Revolution, who subsequently became governor of Virginia; when in 1778 the state extended its territorial claim to include the Illinois region, his authority as governor included Virginia’s "Illinois County." In 1784 Virginia ceded Illinois to the United States; see jurisdiction. Patrick Henry School, 4250 N St. Louis Ave.

Henry, William F.  visited John Kinzie’s trading post on June 18, 1804, as shown in Kinzie’s account books; was the father of [see] John Henry. [404]

Henry, —  Chicago militia private; settler, killed at the Fort Dearborn massacre. [226]

Herbert, Angeline  see Vaughan, Daniel W; also see Michael Diversey.

Herbett, —  a soldier who visited John Kinzie’s trading post on June 28, 1817, as shown in Kinzie’s account books. [404]

  a U.S. Army supply schooner on Lake Michigan in 1818, under contract for the American Fur Co. at Mackinac; wrecked on October 4 that year between the two Calumet Rivers after leaving Fort Dearborn; all aboard perished, among them [see] Lt. William Evileth.

Herndon, John F.  served as a member of the Chicago militia company in the Black Hawk War of 1832; was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833. [319] [12]

heron  Ardea herodias; the great blue heron, largest of the herons in Illinois and one of the most numerous; still common where the upper Chicago River flows through quiet forest preserves within the busy metropolis. [64]

Heron, James E.  native of Pennsylvania; had been sutler at Mackinac in 1821, came to Fort Dearborn in 1822 to work as sutler with [see] Henry Whiting, but the association ended the following year when he became sutler at Fort Howard; died in 1845. [12]

Herrick, R.E.  was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833, and on the list of subscribers to the Chicago Democrat in November. [319]

Herrington Petition  a memorial prepared by [see] James Herrington in December 1831, requesting that the U.S. Congress donate the Fort Dearborn reservation of 75 acres to the citizens of Cook County for civic purposes; he enclosed a copy of the Thompson plat [see Maps section] prepared in 1829 on which he proposed a layout of lots within the reservation [see here]. Herrington circulated the petition in the three election precincts of Chicago, Hickory Creek, and Du Page and acquired the signatures of 74 registered settlers. In soliciting support from IL Senator Elias Kane, Indian Agent Owen shared on December 31 that "... the fort is going rapidly to decay, the picketing is almost useless, and the quarters occupied by the soldiers are in a state of great delapidation [sic]. ...." Though rumors of Sac unrest existed at the last Indian annuity payment in September at Chicago, Secretary of War Cass chose not to send a garrison to Fort Dearborn in the spring of 1832; Black Hawk crossed the Mississippi River that April. Only in 1839 did the federal government order the Fort Dearborn property surveyed and the land was sold as an addition to the city of Chicago.
Below are the names of the signers from each precinct; for their signatures, see individual entries under their names.

Jonathan Boardman, Mathias Smith, John Miller, Israel P. Blogett, Harry Boardman, Robert Strong, Stephen J. Scott, Walter Stowell, Isaac Scarritt, Will Scott, Peter Hicoff, Jos. Naper, Perce Hawley, James Shaw, Richard M. Sweet, Isaac Murray, Lester Peet, Henry Ballet, Nelson Murray, Joseph Curtis, Christopher Skedkoe, Richd J Hamilton, Willard Scott Esq.

Julius Perrin, James Laurence, Mark Noble, Elijah Wentworth Jr, E.D. Harmon, James Dumphy, C.F.W. Bailey, A. Clybourn, James Herrington, Enoch Thompson, Thomas Clybourn, Richard Thompson, John Wellmacher, Jeremiah Smith, W.H. Adams, Joseph Perkey, Wm Jewett, Benjamin Harris, James Gonsolvus, Lorentz Grehn, Jedrithon Smith, Samuel Ellis, Liman Smith, John K. Clarke, G.W. Finley, Jeremiah Brownville.

Hickory Creek:
Samuel Miller, Lewis Kercheval, Judges of the Commissioners Court of said County of Cook; Armstead Runyon, Thomas P. Hovells, R. Wies, L.H. Aekin, John McMannomy, David Fram, Edward Pam, Caleb Osborn, James McDeed, John McDeed, Henry Watkins, Benjamin Maggand, James Sayres, John S. Hall, Charles Fruiend, Eben Story, James Woolf, Robert A. Davidson, William Gougar, George Pettijohn, Canon Fruiend, John Pettijohn, Jacob Hanline. [319]

Herrington, Crawford  younger brother of James Clayton, Jr.; came in 1835 with his wife Rachel, and opened a drayage concern at his brother’s store [Geneva], hauling furs procured to Chicago and returning with town goods—$3 a day for the seven-day round trip; erratic compensation from James resulted in his family’s return to Pennsylvania in 1837. [233]

Herrington, James Clayton, Jr.  (1798-1839) in May 1833 brought his family from Crawford County, PA, to claim his father’s land and cabin, but his wife (Mary Charity Patterson, married 1819) was later said to be "not satisfied with the moral tone of Chicago as a place to rear her sons" [they would have 10 children in all]; a notice in the Chicago Democrat of Oct. 22, 1834, reports that Herrington’s horse was stolen by a deserter; in April 1835 he sought to enhance his investment ["a good grove of timber & water" in his father’s words] and began to homestead in the Fox River valley; opened a store that initiated a leading role in the founding of the community of Geneva. [233]

Herrington, James Clayton, Sr.  Harrington on J.S.C. Hogan’s register and in Andreas’ index; engineer and surveyor, applied to work as surveyor of the Huron Territory and traveled from his native Pennsylvania to Fort Dearborn in 1830; awaiting confirmation, he made a claim for 106.95 acres of land along the lakeshore, S of 12th Street, in Section 22, Township 39, as per Andreas, History of Chicago, pp. 112-113; letters to his sons express faith in the fertile soil and the value of ownership; in late autumn 1831 he attempted successfully to claim the unused Fort Dearborn military reservation of 75 acres for the use and purposes of Cook County by preparing a memorial, the [see] Herrington Petition, with the support of 74 registered county settlers who signed the petition, Indian Agent Owen, and IL Senator Elias Kane [see copy of Herrington`s map under Herrington Petition]; contracted ague as private in Capt. J.S.C. Hogan’s company during the Black Hawk War [July 1832] and returned home; received $68 for a claim at the Chicago Treaty of September 1833. [155, 233, 319, 714] [12]

Heslington, Annie  see Blann, James.

Heslington, George  (1800-1879) also Hesslington; from Yorkshire, England; came in 1833 with his wife Ann [née Dewes; 1803-1881] and daughter Annie [1826-; Mrs. James Blann, 1850] and first lived in Fort Dearborn; was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833, and on the list of subscribers to the Chicago Democrat in November; acquired 160 acres of land in Northfield Township [on the Deerfield moraine, Glenview] and began to farm; in 1836 father-in-law Robert Dewes and his wife settled nearby. [319] [13]

Hessey, William  advertised the rental of a house near the Point in the Oct. 8, 1834 Chicago Democrat; 1839 City Directory: ready-made clothing, Randolph Street near bridge.

Heuler, Thomas  of St. Louis; visited John Kinzie’s trading post on Feb. 19, 1819, as shown in Kinzie’s account books. [404]

Heward, Hugh  trader from Detroit to the Illinois River who, on one of his annual journeys to Cahokia, visited Point de Sable on May 10, 1790, at Chicago, stayed two nights, and bought provisions; stopped at Peoria, where he visited and named in his journal 10 Frenchmen who were "settled among the Indians"; left a manuscript journal, a transcript of which is in the Chicago History Museum. This is in effect the only 18th-century census of Peoria. [337]

Hickling, William  (1814-1881) English by birth, arrived in March 1835, together with his later business associate and brother-in-law George E. Walker; together built a sawmill on land secured from Mark Noble, Sr., along the north branch of the Chicago River, sold it, then built another on the Des Plaines; the venture was unsuccessful, and both removed to Ottawa where they engaged in merchandising; there Hickling became Ottawa’s first mayor; married twice: first Mrs. Clark, youngest sister of G.E. Walker, and later to a Miss Caswell; the last 12 years of his life was spent in Chicago, active in the Chicago Historical Society; died on Aug. 25, 1881. [12]

Hickory Creek  early settlement on the Hickory Creek, a tributary of the Des Plaines River [New Lenox Township, NW Will County]; begun in 1829 by Aaron Friend and Joseph Brown; following the organization of Cook County, in March 1831, three county voting precincts were established: one for Chicago, one for Hickory Creek, and one for the Du Page [now Dupage] settlement. For La Salle’s 1683 activities in the greater Chicago area, probably on Hickory Creek, see John F. Swenson’s essay. Also see Chronology section, year 1683.

Hicks, Lydia Ann  see Sinclair, James.

Hicoff, Peter  also Hickoff; signed the [see] Herrington Petition in December, 1831; was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; resident of Naperville. [319]

Hid Island  see Isle a la Cache.

Higgins, F.   an owner of extensive land in the northwest extent of Chicago in 1831. According to the historians Don Hayner et al., the former Indian trail now known as Higgins Road may have been named for F. Higgins. [320]

Higgins, Mary  see Lane, James.

Higgins, Montgomery & Company  real estate firm prominent during the 1835-36 land boom.

Hill, Irad  was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833, and on the list of subscribers to the Chicago Democrat in November. [319]

Hinsdale, John Theodore  (Jan. 10, 1811-Feb. 21, 1858) born in Middletown, CT; son of John and Harriet (née Johnston) Hinsdale; entered the Middletown Academy in 1826, remaining until 1829; relocated to Chicago in c.1832 and engaged in mercantile business until 1836. He then removed to Cincinnati, OH, where he married Susan Maria (Dec. 10, 1813-Sept. 21, 1890), daughter of David and Maria (née Lowey) Loring, native of New York City. John possessed considerable literary ability and contributed frequently to the papers of Cincinnati; he continued in trade in Cincinnati until his death. The couple had two children: Harriette Maria (IL Jan. 3, 1838-) and Loring (Apr. 19, 1840-Mar. 12, 1906 CA). [Ellis, William Arba, ed. Norwich {CT} University, 1819-1911; this entry was shared by a generous reader who desires to remain anonymous, and was gladly accepted by the editors.]

Hinton, Rev. Isaac Taylor, D.D.  (1799-1847) successor to Rev. Allen B. Freeman at the First Baptist Church, arrived from Richmond, VA, on July 26, 1835 with wife Sarah [née Mursell, married 1822], six children, and a nurse; all initially lived in Dr. Temple’s house (comment by Mrs. Temple, as related by daughter Lenora Maria: "father kept a Baptist hotel"); had been educated at Oxford and recently arrived from England; in August helped establish the Chicago Bible Society and was elected president, then became corresponding secretary at its first annual meeting in November; also directed services at the First Presbyterian Church from 1835-1837, still without a permanent pastor; 1839 City Directory: First Baptist Church, LaSalle Street; remained with the church until 1842. Reverend Hinton wrote a book entitled A History of Baptism Both from Inspired and Uninspired Writings, making him Chicago’s second author; died in New Orleans of yellow fever. [12]

Hiram Pearson
  60-ton schooner; visitor to Chicago from multiple lake ports, carrying lumber, furniture, merchandise, and occasionally passengers in 1834, calling three times under Captain Bassett; between June 15 and Oct. 22, 1835, the vessel transported lumber nine times from [see] Shipwagen under Captain Rathbourn; on Nov. 8 and 28, 1835, the vessel arrived from Kalamazoo; ran ashore and was wrecked in 1838. [48]

Hissey, William  of Hissey & Jenkins; see Jenkins, Thomas.

Hitchcock, Lambert  Connecticut chairmaker who traveled to Chicago and St. Louis in 1835 to take orders for kits of chair parts that local chair makers could acquire and assemble; in a letter written to his partner, he stated that three chairmakers were to be found in Chicago, "the London of the West" with 4,000 to 5,000 inhabitants. [171]

Hitchcock, S.S.  dissolved his copartnership with Samuel M. Phelps on Aug. 8, 1835, as noted in the Aug. 15 Chicago American; Phelps continued alone, but the business was not identified.

Hix, Jonathan  was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833, and on the list of subscribers to the Chicago Democrat in November. [319]

Ho-no-ne-gah  see Mack, Stephen, Jr.

Hobson Tavern  a large frame structure built c.1834 by [see] Bailey Hobson on the Joliet Road, two miles S of Napier’s Settlement, now Naperville, near his and Harry’s Boardman’s gristmill on the W branch of the Du Page River. [415] [314a]

Hobson, Bailey  (1798-1850) from South Carolina, arrived in the spring of 1830 alone on horseback; is listed on the Peoria County Census of August 1830; returned with his wife, three sons—Michael, Samuel, and Jesse—and brother-in-law Lewis Stewart in October 1831, from Ohio; married to Clarissa Stewart in 1821; Quakers, the first settlers of [now] Lisle Township along the W branch of the Du Page River; built the first gristmill on the river in 1834 with [see] Harry Boardman as initial but temporary partner two miles S of Naperville, and ran a large frame tavern to serve the mill customers who came in large numbers and often had to wait; the mill operated under various owners until 1889; Hobson served as private under Captain Boardman, then under Captain Napier in the Cook County voluntary militia during the Black Hawk War after the family had fled to Fort Dearborn; the Hobson children were all educated in eastern colleges and convents, some in Europe. [12, 319, 415, 421a, 692b, 714] [314a]

Hodge, Mrs. Minerva  see Carpenter, Gilbert.

Hodges, Sarah Ann  see Ament, John Lawson.

Hoffman, Charles Fenno  (1806-1884) author; visitor to Chicago from New York early in 1834, when the modest settlement had just begun to rapidly grow; reported his findings to newspapers during his travels, such as the article of Jan. 10, 1834, in the New York American, dealing with the cold spell he encountered while in Chicago [see Chronology, January 1834]; later gave an interesting account of his visit in book form, A Winter in the Far West; for his impressions on how Chicagoans entertained themselves, see entry under Wabano; died on June 7, 1884, a member of the Calumet Club. [338, 339] [12]

Hoffman, George Washington  (Oct. 10, 1809-Jan. 5, 1886) born in New York; son of Col. William and Catherine (née Driscoll) Hoffman, Sixth Regiment, U.S.A.; sister of [see] Mary Ann Penrose; within a Michigan volunteer militia that formed at Niles in May 1832, responding to a request for aid by Major Owen, Indian agent in Chicago, arriving in Chicago on June 11, 1832, leaving again on June 22. [12] [714]

Hoffman, H.B. and C.W.  received $350 in payment for a claim at the 1833 Chicago Treaty in November; H.B. is listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took that same year. [319]

Hoffman, Mary A.  see Penrose, Lt. James W.

Hog Lake  also known as Winnemac Swamp; like many of the lakes and swamps of the Calumet region, Hog Lake’s size varied according to the season; at its largest, the lake stretched nearly to Vincennes Avenue on the W, 67th Street on the N, and Stony Island on the S; during dry spells a small pond was existent amid the large wet prairie; like Lake Calumet the depression was formed by a combination of wave action and gradually lowering lake levels about 3,000 years ago; also see Calumet Lakes.

hog pound  see estray pen.

Hogan, Charles L.P.  (-c.1855) arrived in 1834; listed in Fergus’ 1839 City Directory: dry goods and grocery store, Lake Street near Franklin. In the 1843 and 1844 City Directories he is listed as "Hogan, C.L.P. dry goods and groceries, 252 Lake st. res Franklin st. b Lake and Washington sts."; became county commissioner in 1845; died in Morris, IL. [351]

Hogan, John Stephen Coats  (1805 -Dec. 2, 1868) born in New York City; reared in Detroit, and in 1829 was sent from there to Chicago by Oliver Newberry to build and operate a store and serve as deputy sutler to the fort; was elected justice of the peace on July 24, 1830, with 33 votes over A. Clybourne’s 22; also voted in the following August 2 election; purchased on Sept. 4, 1830, from the canal commissioners lots 1, 2, 5, 6 in block 21 and later additional land in block 40 [see Maps, 1834, John S. Wright]; signed the [see] Hamilton Auxiliary Petition in Chicago on Oct. 5, 1831, when completing a 20-by-35-foot log cabin on the NE corner of South Water and Franklin streets, which was subdivided, with separate doors, and was to be both store for his firm [see] Brewster, Hogan & Co. and sleeping arrangements (western part) and with the second post office (eastern part) by spring 1832, as he was then serving as postal assistant to [see] Postmaster J.N. Bailey; was appointed postmaster by William T. Barry, postmaster general under President Jackson on Nov. 2, 1832, following Bailey; served as second lieutenant under Captain Kercheval in the Chicago militia during the Black Hawk War, listed on the muster roll of May 2, 1832, and then as captain of a Cook County volunteer company within Maj. David Bailey’s battalion stationed at the fort between May 24 and June 11 to protect property, but also to enable the issue of troop supplies to refugees. In August 1833, Hogan was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town, and was one of the "Qualified Electors" who voted to incorporate the town [for a copy of that meeting`s original report, see entry for incorporation]; earlier in 1833 he employed John Bates, Jr., as clerk to run the postal business; received $50 in payment for a claim at the Chicago Treaty later in September. On Apr. 27, 1834, he married Anna Maria Bailey, eldest daughter of the previous postmaster; during the summer of 1834 he employed a second clerk John L. Wilson; probably in July, Hogan moved the post office to a building on the SW corner of Franklin and South Water streets, where Thomas Watkins became postal assistant and when [see] John S. Trowbridge may have been hired; in the July 30, 1834, Chicago Democrat he advertised "Dry goods and Groceries, S. Water st., one door below Post Office"; applied for wharfing privileges on Nov. 21, 1835. During the land boom Hogan was an active and successful promoter and speculator, but lost his fortune in the crash of 1837, the year Anna Maria died. Sidney Abell succeeded him as postmaster on Mar. 3, 1837, and within two years Hogan listed in Fergus’ 1839 City Directory: dry goods and groceries, 236 Lake Street, and listed again in the 1843 City Directory as "Hogan, John Stephen Coates, ex-postmaster, bds C.L.P. Hogan," and also in 1844 as "Hogan, John S.C. at C.L.P. Hogan`s." He tried his luck in California during the gold rush, with unknown success; on his way stopped at the Potawatomi reservation where he was hailed as a long lost brother; he married the widow Mary S. Ainslie in Boonville, MO, on Mar. 20, 1848; died in Boonville. An example of Hogan’s easygoing jovial style follows.
A humorous episode occurred at the log cabin store of J.S.C. Hogan on Lake and South Water streets that was the Chicago post office in the fall of 1832, when a customer complained to the then merchant and part-time postmaster John Hogan about the way the letters, to be picked up by addressees [there was no carryout in those days], were stacked up unsorted in a corner of the grocery shelf. Explained the postal patron: the country where he came from usually provided in its post offices little orderly boxes, called "pigeon holes," alphabetically arranged &c.; On his next visit the customer found to his surprise that Mr. Hogan had nailed a series of old boots, soles first, to one of the exposed logs inside the store, with the gaping holes perfectly ready to accommodate letters and to serve the public in—as we would say today—an efficient and effective manner. [28, 172, 184, 249, 319, 389b, 714] [12]

Hogan, John Stephen Coats  his signature.

Hogn, Mary  see Carroll, Patrick.

hogshead  a liquid measure of 63 gallons, or a barrel large enough to contain at least 63 gallons, abbreviated `hhd.`; a term used by those involved in [see] firefighting.

Hogue, William  Wm. Hogue & Co. advertised "50 bbls. [early abbreviation for barrels] of whiskey" and "50 boxes Glass, and for sale low for cash" in the Sept. 10, 1834 Chicago Democrat; notice of the company’s dissolution by mutual consent of Charles L. Bristol, John Hale, and Hogue appeared in the Chicago American on July 22, 1835.

Hoit, Thomas and Sarah  known from a notice in the Chicago Democrat, Sept. 24, 1834, announcing that Sarah, formerly of Stafford County, NH, had died on Sept. 16 at age 43; [see] Thomas Hoyt is on the list of subscribers to the Chicago Democrat in November 1833.

Holbrook, John C.  native of Boston, arrived in 1835 and on June 10, advertised in the Chicago Democrat his store for "Hats, Clothing, Boots & Shoes, Wholesale and Retail … receiving additions to assortment every 15 or 20 days, through the season" on South Water Street, one door from Dearborn Street; late September the advertisement read "the Boston Clothing Store, Agent for the Manufacturers"; in October signed up with the "Pioneer" hook and ladder company, a voluntary fire brigade; married to Betsey N. Huntoon; 1839 City Directory: boots and shoes, South Water Street. [12]

Holderman’s Grove  [Newark, Kendall County] originally Weed’s Grove; the only settlement between Peoria and Chicago in the late 1820s; location of the John K. Clark–Permelia Scott and Willard Scott–Caroline Hawley double wedding on July 21, 1829, Reverend Isaac Scarritt officiating.

Holiday, William  member of an exploratory party under [see] Capt. William Gordon which left Chicago in June and returned in September in conjunction with the Indian removal effort; one of four men–with Alexander Robinson, Billy Caldwell, and Waubonsee–who organized the Potawatomi encamped along the Des Plaines River in late September and led the Indians westward for the new reservation beyond the Mississippi. [655]

Hollenback, John, Clark, David S., and George B.  brothers [?], born in Muskingum County, OH; came with their families in 1829 (John in 1828); on Sept. 4, 1830, Clark purchased lot 7 in block 8 and lots 7 and 10 in block 44 [see Maps, 1834, John S. Wright]; sold his lot in block 8 to James B. Campbell soon after and he and his relatives moved to the Fox River valley to stake out claims [Kendall County]; a son of Clark (Clark, Jr.) was nine years old when they arrived; a son of George (George M.) was born in 1831, the first male white child born in Kendall County. The Hollenback families were among the refugees who sought protection at Fort Dearborn during the Black Hawk scare in late May 1832, when five homes were burned along the Fox River by maverick Kickapoo Indians, two of those homes belonging to Clark and George. George’s house, built in 1831, was the first in Kendall County, its appearance typical of log dwellings. Clark was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833, then received $50 in payment for a claim at the Chicago Treaty in September, and George received $100. [12, 319, 714] [239]

Holmes, Cynthia  see Hamilton, Polemus D.

Holmes, John  arrived from England in April 1835.

Holsman, George  also Halsman; tailor, advertised in the July 22, 1835, Chicago Democrat as Cooley [R.S.] & Holsman; they dissolved the partnership on Aug. 1, and with an ad on the 10th he continued "tailoring in the most Fashionable style"; located on Dearborn Street, "nearly" opposite the Eagle Coffee House; in the Nov. 25 Chicago Democrat he announced that he had removed to a building "nearly" opposite the New York House on Lake Street; 1839 City Directory: saloon, Lake Street near LaSalle.

Holt, Isaac  U.S. Army sergeant at Fort Dearborn; promotion to sergeant was in April 1811; visited John Kinzie’s trading post on Nov. 5, Nov. 13, and Nov. 19, 1811, and again on July 21, 1812, as shown in Kinzie’s account books; killed in action at the massacre of Aug. 15, 1812; his wife was captured but survived and afterward lived in Ohio. [249, 404] [226]

Holy Spirit Mission  see Mission de Saint-Esprit.

Hondorf, John  early resident of German extraction, and member of the Catholic congregation; his signature is on a petition in April 1833, to Bishop Rosati of St. Louis, requesting a priest for Chicago. [342] [17]

honey  widely collected from wild bee colonies by the Indians, voyageurs, and traders as a favorite staple and trade object.

Hooke, Lt. Moses   also Hook; from Massachusetts; enlisted as second lieutenant on Mar. 3, 1799, in the First Infantry; became first lieutenant on Oct. 23, 1799; was at Fort Dearborn under Captain Whistler and became captain on Mar. 13, 1805; resigned on Jan. 20, 1808. [708] [326]

Hooker, James L.  born c.1819 in Sackett’s Harbor, NY; arrived in June 1834; 1839 City Directory: clerk, Joseph H. Gray; in 1879 lived at Watertown, NY. [12]

Hooper, Amanda  see Butterfield, Lyman.

Hoosier  nickname for Indiana natives or residents, common in Chicago as early as 1833 [see Wellmacher, Johann for the advertising he devised]; name for the wagons, drawn by three yokes of oxen, that came throughout the 1830s with produce from the Wabash River country. [55a, 734]

armed British schooner patrolling Lakes Michigan, Huron, and Erie during the period of British control; built in Detroit in 1771. [48]

Hopewell  also called Moundbuilders; name given to an extraordinary cultural development that blossomed among prehistoric Indian tribes in northeastern North America between 500 B.C. and A.D. 500, characterized by the construction of large, elaborate, geometric, and other earthworks. They served as burial mounds, often containing offerings of high artistic accomplishment [see the entry Moundbuilders for an illustration of an ornamental pipe], but were likely also used for other ceremonial purposes. The earthworks were first noted in southern Ohio, but Hopewellian structures can be found from western New York to Kansas, including the Chicago region. As [see] James A. Marshall has observed, their design and execution indicates a knowledge of geometry apparently lost to succeeding tribes, as well as the employment of a unit of measure. A possible Hopewellian earthwork in what is now downtown Chicago, the serpent mound [called lizard mound by Albert F. Scharf], was formerly a prominent feature in the landscape, but is now covered by the Belmont elevated station near the intersection of Sheffield and Oakdale avenues; another possible work was the Chicago Pyramid Mound at Cheltenham Beach (7800 S). Marshall has located approximately 45 such sites within 60 miles of Chicago’s Loop and writes that "about a dozen of those works would, if restored, be regarded as spectacular." [See illustration of a serpent mound rediscovered by Marshall in the Thatcher Woods Forest Preserve, River Forest, IL.] Burial mound building was not restricted to the Hopewell culture, but was already practiced during the Adena culture, which preceded it, and continued into the Temple Mound Period, which endured until the arrival of the Europeans in North America. Also see Indian prehistory. [370, 450, 451, 452, 596] [206]

Hopkins, Henry  on the list of subscribers to the Chicago Democrat in November 1833.

Horn, John van  see van Horne, John.

Horner, William E.  German immigrant, said to have lived in Chicago as early as 1833; was listed as passenger when the steamboat Monroe arrived in Chicago on Aug. 20, 1835, coming from Buffalo, NY. [342]

Horr, Clarissa  see Brown, Samuel.

horses, wild  as reported by [see] H.S. Tanner in 1832, wild horses of a small size could be found on the Illinois prairie at that time. "They are of the same species as the Indian ponies, and are the offsprings of the horses which were brought here by the early French settlers, and suffered to run at large."

Hoskin, Chi  visited John Kinzie’s trading post on Sep. 1, 1904, as shown in Kinzie’s account books. [404]

Hotchkiss, Emeline  see Owen, Thomas J.V.

Hotchkiss, Felicite  was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; see Kercheval, Gholson. [319]

hotels  see taverns, hotels, and boarding houses.

Houban, Francis  visited John Kinzie’s trading post on Sep. 15 and 18, 1904, as shown in Kinzie’s account books. [404]

Houfe, Helen  see Lill, William.

Houghton, Sophia E.  see Eldredge, Dr. John W.

house numbering  systematic numbering of houses began only in 1839, starting on State Street; prior to this time, the relationship of a structure to the nearest street corner or well-known landmark was used to guide a customer or stranger; examples from early newspaper ads read: "three doors west of Tremont House on Lake Street," or "South Water Street near draw bridge," or "two-story house opposite Exchange Coffee House, corner of Lake and Franklin."

Hovells, Thomas P.  resided in the Hickory Creek precinct; signed the [see] Herrington Petition in December, 1831; was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833. [319]

Howard, Alexander Hamilton  born in Alexander, Genesse County, NY; married Martha Sabin, daughter of [see] Sylvanus and Marcy (née Stanton) Sabin, on Feb. 6, 1833; migrated later that year with his in-laws from Wyoming County, NY, to Naperville, IL; was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; became the first postmaster of the Naperville post office in March 1836, replacing the [see] Paw Paw post office. [319, 593a] [415]

Howard, Dr. William  civil engineer, appointed in September 1829, by the topographical bureau of the U.S. Army’s engineer department to supervise the surveying effort for construction of the harbor and the Illinois & Michigan Canal; working under him were Asst. Engineers Henry Belin, Frederick Harrison, Jr., and William B. Guyon; both Howard’s and Harrison’s names are on the map of the E end of the Chicago River’s course, prepared by [see] Harrison in 1830. [423, 681, 682] [12]

Howe, Captain  master of the commercial sailing vessel El-Lewellyn [Llewellyn] which operated between Chicago and Green Bay in 1834; in June that year contracted with [see] William Payne to transport partner [see] Oliver C. Crocker, several men, and mill equipment to Sheboygan.

Howe, Frederick A., Sr. and Frederick A., Jr.  junior was born c.1828 in Buffalo, NY, and was four years old when both arrived on the Agnes Barton in June 1834; the ship had been built by Frederick, Sr. and Captain Burk at Buffalo, NY, and first sailed under Captain Burk to Chicago; 1839 City Directory: [Sr.] justice of the peace, 97 Lake Street. Fred, Jr. was a member of the Chicago militia in 1844; was one of the owners of the Lady Elgin, the largest ship on the lake when it sunk in 1860; still lived in Chicago in 1879. [351, 728] [12]

Howe, Sarah Dunn  dress-, cloak-, and habitmaker, advertised in the Chicago Democrat on Aug. 18, 1835; located on Lake Street in the house of Dr. Austin, three doors E of the Mansion House; by September 9 she requested "4 active young ladies as apprentices"; 1839 City Directory: Miss Howe, milliner and mantua-maker, cor. Lake and Wells sts. In 1843 Sarah married [see] Rufus B. Brown and continued to work, advertising in the 1843 City Directory as Mrs. Rufus B. Brown: dress and cloak maker, 189 Lake, up stairs. Known by 1844 she advertised in the City Directory as Mrs. Brown: dress and cloak maker, corner Lake and Wells sts [the family residence]. In 1885 widow Sarah lived at 45 S Ann Street, dying at age 73 on Feb. 2, 1890.

Hoyne, Charles  visited John Kinzie’s trading post on July 25 and Aug. 29, 1805, as shown in Kinzie’s account books. [404]

Hoyne, Lenora Maria Temple  daughter of Dr. John T. Temple, a 12-year-old when the family came in 1832; witnessed the Indian war dance in 1835 [see her following report of the event and an earlier memory of baptism by Reverend Freeman in 1834]; on Sept. 17, 1840, married the lawyer Thomas Hoyne, who had arrived from New York City in 1837 and would die on July 27, 1883; in 1885 lived at 267 Michigan Ave.

While we were living in the cottage the great Indian War Dance took place. Poor mother was almost crazed with fear. She laid down on the bed and covered her head with a pillow to shut out the fiendish yells of the red devils who were dancing before our door, brandishing their tomahawks and knives, firing pistols and making the air ring with their horrid noises. There were nearly a thousand warriors, naked excepting the breech-cloth about their loins and in all their war paint which made them still more hideous. I stood on a chair at the window and peeped through the shutters to see the fiends. And I can assure you that they were more like an army of devils than anything one can imagine. The picture was indelibly fixed in my mind and as I write is vividly before me. I think if I were an artist I could put it on canvas as it appeared to me on that day. [For another account of the same war dance, one by J.D. Caton, see Chronology, Aug. 18, 1835.]

I was baptised in the month of February. The day was cold. The ice in the lake was cut far enough for the candidates to walk out into the water and we were immersed. When we reached the shore our clothing was frozen so hard we could not bend it. We were wrapped in blankets and driven home. None of the candidates of whom there were five took cold or felt any bad effects from the exposure. We all felt that we had followed our dear Savior down into the water and he would care for us. [12]

Hoyt, Thomas  was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; on the list of subscribers to the Chicago Democrat in November. See Hoit, Thomas. [319]

Hubbard & Co., Messrs  business partnership which involved Gurdon, Elijah, and Henry as "Commission & Forwarding Merchants," first advertising insurance in the July 2, 1834 Chicago Democrat, representing Howard Fire Insurance Co. of New York. Elijah left the partnership early in 1835 and on June 20 he advertised as the Agent for the company; advertisements in the Chicago American early that June included "POT—8—OES, Cider, Dried Apples" and "20 BBLS. SPERM OIL, for sale by Hubbard & Co."; with extensive new stock, [see] Henry King took over the dry goods store late October. [634a]

Hubbard, Ahira  educated merchant and occasional surveyor in Windsor, VT; farmed twenty years near Middleboro, MA; as Ahisa, was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833, and on the list of subscribers to the Chicago Democrat in November; an uncle of Gurdon S. Hubbard and the father of Henry G., Harriet L., Paulina, and Mary Ann E., whom Gurdon married in 1843 as his third wife, also Eliza and Ellen Marie; brought his wife Serena (née Tucker) and three daughters from Massachusetts in 1836; listed in the 1839 Chicago Directory by the initial A.: book-keeper at G.S. Hubbard`s, r Ind [IN], b Cass [Wabash] & Rush; farmed near Lockport until 1842; again so listed in the 1844 Chicago Directory. Ahira died of the cholera at 70 on Aug. 15, 1849, and was reburied at Graceland Cemetery [see Monuments section] on Oct. 23, 1868. Serena lived with Gurdon and Mary Ann into the 1870s. [319, 705] [604a]

Hubbard, Augustus  from Chamion, KY; a notice in the Oct. 21, 1835 Chicago Democrat announced his death of bilious fever at age 24, at the residence of J. Curtiss.

Hubbard, Eber  arrived in 1835 from New York; remembered as having cut down the N wing of the Dearborn Street bridge in 1839.

Hubbard, Elijah Kent  (Oct. 8, 1812-May 26, 1839) born in Middletown, CT; son of Elijah and Lydia (née Mather) Hubbard; attended the American Literary, Scientific and Military Academy from May 1826 to August 1827, then studied law at Yale until 1830 and graduated from Middlebury College in 1832; arrived at Chicago on June 26, 1834, to partner Messrs Hubbard & Co. with [see] Gurdon and Henry, his cousins, as "Commission & Forwarding Merchants," and he immediately noted his impressions in a letter to [see] Elizabeth Sebor (Nov. 20, 1813-), daughter of Henry Louis and Margaret (née Sebor) De Koven, whom he married on September 15 in Middletown, CT. Elijah first advertised insurance in the July 2 Chicago Democrat, representing Howard Fire Insurance Co. of New York; he became a member of one of the town’s anti-gambling committees constituted on October 25; was a real estate speculator and member of the board of directors of the first Chicago branch of the Illinois State Bank in 1835, when Elijah Kent, Jr. (July 12-June 26, 1915) was born; no longer with Hubbard & Co., he advertised as the Agent for Howard Fire Insurance Co. of New York that summer; during the late 1830s was active in railroad promotion; Louis De Koven was born Feb. 1, 1837; 1839 City Directory: banker, 47-51 Dearborn st. Elijah died of consumption on May 26, 1839. Elizabeth married [see] Thomas Dyer on Mar. 11, 1844; she died in Middleton, CT, on June 3, 1896. [634a, 705] [12]

Hubbard, Eliza  see Grant, James.

Hubbard, Elizabeth Ann  see Crawford, William.

Hubbard, Gurdon Saltonstall  (1802-Sept. 14, 1886) born in Windsor, VT; in 1815 his father, a lawyer impoverished by speculation, moved the family to Montreal, where young Gurdon found employment in a hardware store; on Apr. 28, 1818, he became an employee of the American Fur Company under agent William W. Matthews, the agreement stipulating service for five years at $120 a year [thereafter he received $1,300 yearly]; came from Montreal through Chicago for the first time on Oct. 1, 1818, at age 16 when assigned to the Illinois River Brigade under Antoine Deschamps, where he worked with [see] Louis Bibeau. By August 1822 Deschamps & Hubbard are so listed on an American Fur Co. invoice as follows: "for trade of the Iroquois River and its dependencies"; when Deschamps retired, Hubbard succeeded to the position of superintendent of the Illinois River trading posts. A fellow employee, Noel Le Vasseur, worked with him in the Iroquois and Kankakee River regions and became a close friend; during his early years in the Northwest, Hubbard married 15-year-old Watseka, niece of Tamin, chief of the Kankakee Potawatomi; the union lasted two years and resulted in two children, both of whom died in infancy; Watseka later married Le Vasseur, who succeeded Hubbard in charge of the Iroquois River post at Bunkum, now called Iroquois, IL. When in 1827 Hubbard resigned his position, he purchased from John Jacob Astor the Illinois trading interests of the American Fur Co. (held until 1835), and went into business for himself at Danville, establishing subsidiary posts from Chicago to the Wabash and Ohio Rivers; his frequent travel between Danville and Chicago gave the name "Hubbard Trace" to the connecting trail. As a young man, the Indians called him Che-mo-comon-ess, meaning `little Big-Knife` or `little American`; later he became Pa-pa-ma-ta-be, meaning `swift walker.` From Danville Hubbard led 100 militia volunteers–the Vermillion Rangers–on horseback to Chicago in July 1827 to help safeguard the small settlement during the Winnebago scare [For a description of Hubbard’s appearance at that time, see entry for Vermillion Rangers]; received $200 in payment for a claim at the Indian Treaty of 1828. In the spring of 1831, he married Eleanora Berry of Urbana, OH; they had one child, Gurdon S. Hubbard, Jr., born in 1838. During 1832-33 he served as a member of the Illinois legislature; in 1833, formally moved from Danville to Chicago, but in preceding years he had spent so much time supplying the villagers with pigs raised in the Danville region that they had long before considered him as one of their own; had already [1830] purchased from the government four lots (1, 2, 7, 8) constituting the eastern half of block 19 [see Maps, 1834, John S. Wright], a choice parcel; signed the 1833 Chicago Treaty document as a witness, and received $125 in payment for a claim at the treaty. Large debts to the American Fur Co. initially kept him from participating in the land boom, but he successfully handled the real estate investments for a distant Connecticut relative, Edward A. Russell, and during the land boom period prior to 1837 he became active steering the capital of eastern investors into Chicago real estate, as did his contemporaries John H. Kinzie and William B. Ogden. By 1835 had accumulated sufficient capital to invest on his own account; concentrating on "water lots" and those along major traffic routes [on Nov. 6 that year submitted a petition for wharfing privileges in front of block 19, lots 1 and 2], he also purchased land in Milwaukee, Green Bay, and Racine, and eventually opened a land agency that served eastern customers. Within several years he became the town’s largest meat packer and owner of the largest warehouse, a lake shipper, a director of the Chicago branch of the Illinois State Bank, an insurance man, a member of the Illinois & Michigan Canal Board in 1836, and one of the incorporators of the first waterworks; 1839 City Directory: Hubbard & Co., forwarding and commission merchants. A widower since 1840, he married on Nov. 9, 1843, his cousin Mary Ann Ellis Mills Hubbard; 1844 City Directory: forwarding and commission merchant, S. Water near Clark, h Indiana, b Cass and Rush (See card: AEtna Insurance Co., of Hartford, Conn., Agent). In 1879 his address was 243 White St., but in 1885 he lived at 143 Locust Street. Hubbard’s papers are at the Chicago History Museum; street name: Hubbard Street (430 N); Gordon S. Hubbard School, 6200 S Hamlin Ave. Also see Hubbard, Henry George; for family relations with Col. Richard J. Hamilton, see the Hamilton entry; for Hubbard’s description of the prairie scenery, see prairie. For Hubbard’s first impression of Chicago in 1818, and for Roland Tinkham’s impression of Hubbard, see below. [10aa, 13, 28, 233", 352-4, 456b, 604a, 705]

Hubbard’s report: We started at dawn. The morning was calm and bright, and we, in our holiday attire, with flags flying, completed the last twelve miles of our lake voyage. Arriving at Douglas Grove, where the prairie could be seen through the oak woods, I landed, and climbing a tree, I gazed in admiration on the first prairie I had ever seen. The waving grass, intermingled with a rich profusion of wild flowers, was the most beautiful sight I had ever gazed upon. In the distance the grove of Blue Island loomed up, beyond it the timber on the Desplaines River, while to give animation to the scene, a herd of wild deer appeared, and a pair of red foxes emerged from the grass within gunshot of me. ... Looking north, I saw the whitewashed buildings of Fort Dearborn sparkling in the sunshine, our boats with flags flying, and oars keeping time to the cheering boat song. I was spellbound and amazed at the beautiful scene before me. I took the trail leading to the fort, and, on my arrival, found our party camped on the north side of the river, near what is now State street. A soldier ferried me across the river in a canoe, and thus I made my first entry into Chicago, October 1, 1818.

From Roland Tinkham’s letter, describing Hubbard in 1831: G.S. Hubbard is quite a gentleman, speaks good English and French, and knows every Indian tongue, and almost every Indian person in this 200 miles, and in some directions much further. He has been in the Indian trade since he was 16 years old; he is now about 30. His Influence among them is great; they all know him and appear to love and fear him. He is quite rich. [12]

Hubbard, Gurdon Saltonstall  his signature.

Hubbard, Gurdon with Mary Ann Ellis Mills  the adjoining cabinet photograph, a format first introduced in London in 1866, was one within a series of "old settlers" – those who had come to Chicago before 1840 – taken in Chicago in 1875 by photographer Charles Mosher and exhibited in the Art Building of the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, celebrating the hundredth anniversary of the Declaration of Independence. [695a]

Hubbard, Harriet Louise  see Hamilton, Richard J.

Hubbard, Henry George  Aug. 9, 1809-Aug. 28, 1852) born in Windsor, VT; only son of Ahira and Serena (née Tucker) Hubbard, older brother of Harriet L., Mary Ann, and Eliza; arrived from Massachusetts in 1829 and by 1834 worked with his cousin Gurdon S. in the livestock market and real estate speculation; a partner of Messrs Hubbard & Co. with [see] Gurdon and [see] Elijah as "Commission & Forwarding Merchants," first advertising insurance in the July 2 Chicago Democrat, representing Howard Fire Insurance Co. of New York; signed up with the "Pioneer" hook and ladder company in October 1835, a voluntary fire brigade; married Juliet Elvira (IL June 12, 1821-Oct. 24, 1892), daughter of Judge Theophilus W. and Clarissa Harlowe (née Rathbone) Smith; involved with the Illinois & Michigan Canal during the late 1830s; 1839 City Directory: G.S. Hubbard & Co.’s warehouse; 1843 and 1844 Chicago Directories: clerk, Circuit Court, res LaSalle, bet Wash and Madison. The couple had seven children: George (1839-), Edward (1841-), Mary (1843-), Juliet (1845-; Mrs. John Lockwood), Henry (1847-), Harriet (June 27, 1849-Nov. 23, 1903; Mrs. Herbert Ayer), and May (1852-; Mrs. Alexander Wetherill). Henry died in Sandusky, OH; in 1885 his widow lived at the Hotel Bristol, Chicago. [Andreas writes that Hubbard Street, originally Michigan Street, was "named after Henry George Hubbard, the brother of Gurdon S. Hubbard"; he was not a brother but his cousin, and the first part of Andreas’ statement is given little credence by the editors.] [351, 604a] [12]

Hubbard, Mary Ann Ellis Mills  (1820-1909) born in Concord, MA; daughter of Ahira and Serena (née Tucker) Hubbard, younger sister of Henry G. and Harriet L.; educated at home by her father and self-taught in the care of a younger sister; came to Chicago with her parents in 1836 and schooled privately until needed to assist and to give care to ailing siblings and extended family members; married her cousin Gurdon on Nov. 9, 1843, and became stepmother to Gurdon, Jr. and three nieces in need; ever an attentive and responsible helpmate, "Ann" matched her husband’s generous support of religious and educational activities. [353-4, 604a, 705] [12]

Hubbard, Thomas R.  in partnership with [see] Joseph N. Balestier, Hubbard & Balestier; first advertised "Money To Loan" in the Nov. 14, 1835 Chicago American; applications were accepted (post paid) for the "loan of monies for a term of years on bond and mortgage, on good lands, unencumbered and under improvement, in any part of the State of Illinois, at 12 per cent, interest, payable semi-annually"; 1839 City Directory: attorney at law, corner of Clark Street and Lake.

Hubbard’s Folly  early critics referred thus to the first brick warehouse building that Hubbard built in 1834 at the SW corner of Water and LaSalle streets; earlier brick structures were the powder magazine of the first Fort Dearborn (1803) and a brick house built by Alanson Sweet and William Worthingham under contract for John Noble (1833) N of the river on a lot adjacent to the later Lake House Hotel. For a bronze plaque marking the site of Hubbard’s Folly, see the Monuments section.

Hubbard’s Trail  also known as Vincennes Trace; originally an ancient buffalo trail between Chicago and Vincennes, IN, by way of Danville, later becomming an Indian trail. It led from Fort Dearborn south on what is now State Street, then angled eastward onto what is still named Vincennes Avenue (within Chicago, from 3542 S to 11888 S). Along the trail Gurdon S. Hubbard established several trading posts from 1822 and 1824. In 1834 part of the southern extent of the trail became Illinois State Highway No. I. For a Hubbard Trail marker, see the monument section. For a very detailed description of the course of Hubbard’s Trail, see the excellent article “Hubbards Trail, The Vincennes Trace, and Illinois’ First State Road” by Philip E. Vierling. [692f]

Hubbell, Julia Ann  see Fullerton, Alexander N.

Hubert, Baptist  an engagé, visited John Kinzie’s trading post on Feb. 23, 1808, as shown in Kinzie’s account books. [404]

Hudson Bay Company  (c.1770-1823) one of three large English fur trading companies in the Northwest after 1780, picking up where and what the French traders had left; its rivals were the XY Company and the North West Company; was later fused with the latter.

Hugunin, Edgar  arrived from New York in 1835; later moved to Wisconsin. [351]

Hugunin, Edward  arrived from New York in 1835; later moved to California, where he died in 1878, age 64. [351]

Hugunin, John Clark  (c.1811-1865) arrived from New York in 1835; in January 1837 he advertised a reward for the return of one of his runaway slaves; ran for alderman in the same year; 1839 City Directory: dry goods and grocery, South Water Street; died at Milwaukee. [351] [12]

Hugunin, Robert  arrived from New York in 1833; known to have been in the naval service during the 1812 war; commanded the lake schooners [see] Lucinda and Jefferson in 1834; 1839 City Directory: Captain Robert Hugunin. [351]

Hugunin; Hiram, Peter Daniel, Robert and Leonard Clark  brothers from New York; arrived in 1833 on their yacht Westward Ho after a three-month journey from Oswego; when their ship could not cross the sandbar in front of the Chicago River mouth, they paid to have oxen pull the vessel across into the harbor. Hiram (c.1798-1866) was the captain; was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; he became a member of the first sanitary vigilante committee in 1834, was elected president of the village board in June of 1835 and later in September became Chief Engineer of the voluntary fire brigade; in the August Chicago Democrat he advertised as agent for the Northwestern Fire and Marine Insurance Co. of Oswego; the following month his home was destroyed in a prairie fire; then served as delegate to the state Democratic convention at Vandalia; prior to 1836, owned 80 acres of land in Section 32, Township 39 as per Andreas, History of Chicago, pp. 112-113; 1839 City Directory: merchant on W Water Street, near Lake; in 1840 served on the board of school inspectors; his wife, name unknown, died in 1842 at Waukegan. Peter Daniel (c.1783-1865) applied for wharfing privileges on Nov. 21, 1835; listed as Daniel, ship chandler, in the 1839 City Directory; moved on and became a Wisconsin county judge. Leonard Clark is known to have lived at 232 S. Halsted [old numbering system], was well liked by the Indians and associated freely with them when hunting and fishing; 1839 City Directory: speculator; 1843 City Directory: bds United States Hotel. He lost one arm in a duck hunting accident, but continued to be an inveterate hunter; died on Nov. 6, 1882 at the age of 79. In the 1843 City Directory a James Robert Hugunin is listed as a "lake-captain." See Hiram Hugunin`s signature above. [13, 28, 48, 243, 273, 319, 351] [12]

Hulbert, Eri Baker  (1807-1852) from Otsego County, NY; in 1831 married Mary Louisa Walker, sister of [see] Almond and Charles Walker; joined his brothers-in-law as partner of [see] Walker & Co. in 1836; his wife and son, William Ambrose, joined him the following year, and thereafter George and Eri Baker, Jr., were born; 1839 City Directory: (Chas. Walker & Co.); left the business in 1841, continuing as a successful merchant through 1851; left for California in 1852, dying in transit. [736]

Hull, Gen. William  (1753-1825) native of Massachusetts; U.S. Army general. General Hull and Captain Heald, the commandant, share primary responsible for the [see] Fort Dearborn massacre of Aug. 15, 1812. After the War of 1812 he was court-martialed for conduct unbecoming an officer on multiple occasions. He was sentenced to be “shot to death,” but the court, considering his honorable service in the Revolution, recommended him to the “mercy” of the President James Madison, and one month later Madison pardoned him. See War of 1812. [12]

Humphrey, James Oscar  arrived in 1834 from New York; carriagemaker who partnered [see] Benjamin Briggs under the name Briggs & Humphrey; 1839 City Directory: wagonmaker; moved to Ohio and still living at Willoughby in 1885. [351] [12]

hundredweight  a unit of weight, equal to 100 pounds in the United States, 112 pounds in England.

Hunt, Charles H.  in July and throughout the month of August 1835, his notices in the Chicago Democrat advertised a "High School for Young Ladies" – its first term of 11 weeks commencing Aug. 8, delayed until the 17th, offering ordinary [$6] and higher [$7] "branches of English" as well as the Latin, Greek and French languages [$8]; satisfactory credentials could be seen at the office of Henry Moore, Esq.; the outcome of this venture has not been recorded. [12]

Hunt, George W.  independent trader who visited John Kinzie’s trading post on May 1, 1817; later he worked with [see] William Wallace, who spent the winter of 1825-26 in Chicago in successful competition with the American Fur Co.; in April 1827, Hunt was still or again in Chicago and prepared an inventory of the Wallace estate. Hunt signed the 1833 Chicago Treaty document as a witness; he received $750 and $900 in payment for claims at the treaty. [404] [12]

Hunt, Sarah Grey  see Wilcox, De Lafayette.

Hunt, William Nelson  U.S. Army private at Fort Dearborn; visited John Kinzie’s trading post on July 3 and 20, 1805, on Jan. 15 and 29 [buying three pounds of sugar for $1], 1806, on Jan. 2, 1807, on Dec. 31, 1810, and on Apr. 10, 1812, as shown in Kinzie’s account books; survived the massacre of Aug. 15, 1812, but froze to death as an Indian prisoner. [404, 708] [226]

Hunter & Hinsdale  according to the report by [see] J.D. Bonnell, a warehouse on South Water Street in 1835, immediately E of Newberry & Dole. [Identity of the owners could not be established; eds.]

Hunter, 1st Lt. David  (1802-1886) born and died in Washington City [now Washington, D.C.]; 1822 graduate from West Point; was elected constable in Chicago on May 11 [with Henley Clybourne, nine votes cast] and again on Aug. 20, 1828; assigned to the Fifth Infantry, company A at Fort Dearborn beginning Oct. 3, 1828; known to have carried mail between Chicago and Fort Wayne in 1828, on horseback, with two foot soldiers carrying muskets. He married Maria Indiana Kinzie on Sept. 18, 1829, Peoria Judge Alexander Doyle officiating; taught school to children of the settlers near the fort; was at the fort during the October 1829 visit by Lt. Jefferson Davis and helped him cross the river [for his description, see entry on Davis, Jefferson]. He voted on July 24, 1830; served as acting commandant of the fort from December 14, when Major Fowle began a six-month leave of absence, until May 20, 1831. On Dec. 17, 1830, the Peoria court appointed Hunter administrator of the Wolcott estate, together with Jean B. Beaubien and John Hamlin as appraisers, and also appointed him as appraiser of the estate of François LaFramboise, Jr., together with fellow appraiser John Hamlin and administrator Jean B. Beaubien. He succeeded Dr. Wolcott as appointed administrator of John Kinzie’s estate after Wolcott`s death in 1830, and took over his real estate claim of 80 acres in the NE corner of Section 9, Township 39, immediately W of the Kinzie property. In 1833 he supervised the platting of the Kinzie Addition, and joined in partnership with John H. Kinzie to establish a forwarding and commissioning business. Wife Maria Hunter received $5000 for a claim at the Chicago Treaty of September 1833; 1839 City Directory: Illinois Street, near Rush. Hunter advanced to the rank of Bvt. Major General in 1865 as commander of the Department of the South during the Civil War, and was part of the military commission which sat in judgement on the Lincoln conspirators. [351, 585a, 707]
The following is an excerpt from a 1879 letter of his Chicago reminiscences: More than half a century since, I first came to Chicago on horseback, from St. Louis, stopping on the way at the log-cabins of the early settlers, and passing the last house at the mouth of Fox River. I was married in Chicago, having to send a soldier one hundred and sixty miles, on foot, to Peoria, for a license. The northern counties in the State had not then been organized, and were all attached to Peoria County. My dear wife is still alive, and in good health; and I can certify, a hundred times over, that Chicago is a first-rate place from which to get a good wife. [12]

Hunter, Edward E.  arrived from Kentucky in 1833; was listed among "500 Chicagoans" on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August, and received $90 in payment for a claim at the Chicago Treaty in September; is on the list of subscribers to the Chicago Democrat later in November; became firewarden for the second ward in September 1834, and supervisor of roads and bridges in November; his name was on a school-related petition signed on Sept. 19, 1835; served as county treasurer in 1837; died in California. [319, 351, 707] [12]

Hunter, Maria Indiana Kinzie  see Hunter, 1st Lt. David.

Hunter, Mrs. Eunice  see Carpenter, Sgt. Nathaniel.

Huntington, Alonzo  (c.1808-1881) lawyer from Shaftsbury, VT; arrived with his wife (1833) Patience Lorraine Dyer, sister of Dr. Charles V. Dyer, in the fall of 1835; became state’s attorney for the seventh Illinois district in 1837 and held that office until 1841; 1839 City Directory: attorney and counselor at law, Lake Street; his first two children (Stella Aurelia, age two, and Susanna Maria, age four) died on Dec. 21 and 22, 1839, respectively, of malignant scarlet fever; there were six children altogether, of whom only two survived to adulthood; 1844 City Directory: attorney at law, office [98] Lake over S.W. Goss`s res at C.V. Dyer`s. Huntington is still listed in Chicago in 1879, and died on Nov. 17, 1881. [13] [12]

Huntington, Alonzo  his signature, as shown in History of Chicago County, Illinois, by A.T. Andreas.

Huntoon, Anna M.  see Harmon, Isaac D.

Huntoon, Betsey  see Holbrook, John C.

Huntoon, Capt. Bensley  also Bengsley; arrived from Massachusetts in 1835 and soon leased from Gurdon Hubbard a newly refitted steam sawmill built and initially owned by [see] Mark Noble, Jr., in 1832 on the E side of the north branch of the Chicago River, just N of Chicago Avenue, at the mouth of a contributory stream, and sawed timber within the locale – elm, oak, white ash, and poplar; it became known as the Huntoon Sawmill; in 1837 he served as school inspector; 1839 City Directory: steam sawmill, north branch. [145, 692b, 733] [12]

Huntoon, Emeline C.  see McDaniel, Alexander.

Huntoon, George M.  came from Massachusetts in 1832; 1839 City Directory: constable, N State Street near Kinzie; married Maria Reed on Nov. 28, 1839; lived in [Evanston]. [733] [13]

Hurd, Niram F.  on the list of subscribers to the Chicago Democrat in November 1833; in the June 25, 1834, issue he placed a notice that a trunk with brass letters WKD, containing clothing, had been found and could be claimed from the subscriber on Lake Street.

Hurlbut, Henry H.  early member of the Chicago Historical Society and corresponding member of the Wisconsin State Historical Society; in 1882 published his book, Chicago Antiquities, a critically researched lifelong collection of early historical data; street name: Hurlbut Street (5800 N). [351]

  schooner from Huron, OH; carried lumber and passengers between several lake ports and called at Chicago under Captain Hunt–and later under Captain Enos–four times in 1834 (delivering merchandise "direct from New York" for John Wright) and again on Sept. 30, 1835.

Huron  onkwe honwe, meaning `true men`, or irri roron, meaning `cat tribe`(?); words identifying four advanced Iroquoian tribes whose collective name for themselves was wendat; united with the French against the Iroquois in the fur trade; lived within Huronia, located around Lake Simcoe, S and E of Georgian Bay, in palisaded and semi-permanent villages; first met the French under Champlain, welcoming many early French missionaries. Enemies of the Iroquois since prehistoric times, they suffered greatly when in the mid 17th century the Iroquois first acquired and used firearms; most were driven W into Michigan, Wisconsin, and Illinois [in the Calumet region from about 1700 to 1720]; once a great nation, few remain today, mostly in Oklahoma; street name: Huron Street (700 N). [456b]

Hurtt, Nathan A.  U.S. Army private at Fort Dearborn; enlisted on Dec. 29, 1811; visited John Kinzie’s trading post on July 5, 1812, as shown in Kinzie’s account books; was killed in battle during the massacre of Aug. 15, 1812. [404, 559] [226]

Hutchins, Thomas  (1730-1789) born in Monmouth County, NJ; served in the French and Indian War; British captain of engineers and cartographer who personally traversed the Ohio and Mississippi rivers from 1762 to 1769, enabling him to prepare accurate maps of the Great Lakes region following the transfer from French to British rule in 1765; his efforts resulted in the London 1778 publication of the map A Topographical Description of Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and North Carolina, Comprehending the Rivers Ohio, Kenhawa, Sioto, Cherokee, Wabash, Illinois, Mississippi, &c;., which included an important map of the "Chikago" region, noting the "Indian Village and Fort at the Entrance" of the unnamed river, and also included a map of the "American Bottom,” drafted by him in 1762 [see Chronology section, 1762]. Hutchins resigned his British commission in 1780 and within a year was named "geographer to the United States." Shown here is Hutchins` map detail of "Chikago"; the name “Hid Island” crossing the Des Plaines River refers to what is now known as Isle a la Cache; the complete map can be found at the Newberry Library, Chicago. [Michigan History Magazine 10 (July 1926): 358-373; 681, 682]

Hyalophora cecropia
  the largest North American moth with a wingspan of up to 150 mm (5 7/8 inches); common in and around settlements in pioneer days, but rarely encountered today in Chicagoland.

Hyde, Hon. Norman  became probate judge of Peoria county, which included Chicago at that time, on June 4, 1825; he personally appraised the estate of François Le May at Chicago on May 10, 1828. As judge he appointed estate supervisors for the Chicago estate settlements of John Crafts in 1826, of John Kinzie in 1828, and of Alexander Wolcott and François LaFramboise, Jr. in 1830. Judge Hyde died in 1832 and was succeeded in office by Andrew M. Hunt. [585a] [220]

Hyde, Thomas S.  from Massachusetts; signed on with the "Pioneer" hook and ladder company in October 1835, a voluntary fire brigade; likely the Thomas Hyde of Davis, Kinzie [Robert A.] & Hyde, a hardware store on Kinzie Street near Cass [now Wabash] listed in the 1839 City Directory. [733] [12]

Hyde, William  listed as owner of 80 acres of land in the NW quarter of Section 6, Township 39, prior to 1836, as per Andreas, History of Chicago, pp. 112-113.


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